Yemen Current Affairs

Tropical Cyclone Chapala hits Yemen triggering heavy floods

A rare tropical Cyclone Chapala has slammed into Yemen triggering heavy flooding and causing damage in coastal region of the war racked country.

The cyclone made landfall in the south eastern provinces of Hadramawt and Shabwa along the Gulf of Aden coast of Yemen in Arabian Sea bringing winds of speed more than 100 kms per hour.

Key facts

  • Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) has categorized Cyclone Chapala as a Category 4 equivalent storm on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale.
  • It is believed that Cyclone Chapala is the most powerful storm that has hit Yemen in last five decades.
  • It is the second-strongest cyclone on record over the Arabian Sea, only after Cylone Gonu (2007).
  • The rainfall brought by cyclone has caused flooding of rivers which are usually dry causing destructive mudslides.
  • Earlier the cyclone had wreaked havoc on the island of Socotra, located 350 kilometers off the Yemeni mainland.

Cyclone Chapala was formed after a low pressure was formed over the Arabian Sea with deep depression intensity. The low pressure was formed due to record warm water believed to be associated with an El Niño event and low vertical wind shear.

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Qatar deploys troops in Yemen for first time

For the first time, Qatar has deployed ground troops in Yemen to counter the Shia Houthi rebels who have taken over the country.

In this regard, Qatar has deployed around one thousand ground troops, supported by armoured vehicles and military helicopters in Marib province of Yemen.

Earlier in March 2015, Qatar along with other Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) members (expect Oman) had signed a joint statement with Saudi Arabia to form coalition in order to take military action against the rebels in order to bring regional stability in the Gulf region.

Yemeni Crisis: Background

  • Yemeni Crisis began after security situation in the country deteriorated after the Shia Houthis rebels had seized power by dissolving Yemen’s government and parliament in January 2015.
  • The rebels have taken the control of key government buildings in Yemen’s capital Sanaa including Presidential Palace.
  • The conflict in the country is mainly between Yemeni government along with their allies, southern separatist’s forces loyal to the government of Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi, Houthi forces and forces loyal to the former president Ali Abdullah Saleh.
  • Saudi Arabia led coalition includes gulf countries like United Arab Emirates (UAE), Bahrain and Kuwait (all GCC members). While, United States is providing logistical and intelligence support.

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