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India attends New Development Bank Governors meet

On May 27, 2020, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitaraman attended the Special Board of Governors meet of New Development bank through video conference.

Highlights

The leaders that attended the meet elected the president, vice president of new development bank. The bank has so far approved 16.6 billion USD to over 55 projects in its member countries.

Mr Marcos Troyjo of Brazil was elected as the president at the meet.

New Development Bank

New Development Bank was founded in 2014. The headquarters of the bank is located in Shanghai, China. It aims to foster development of its member countries, support economic growth, promote competitiveness and build knowledge sharing platform. The bank was formed by the BRICS nations.

5th Annual Meet and COVID-19

The 5th annual meet of board of governors of the New Development Bank was held in April 2020. During the meet, the bank allocated 5 billion USD to BRICS countries and 1 billion USD of emergency funds to India.

Current Affairs FAQs: Saharan Cheetah

For the first time in a decade, the naturalists have filmed a Saharan Cheetah in a Hoggar Mountains national park in Algeria.

What is Saharan Cheetah?

Saharan cheetah (Zoological name: Acinonyx jubatus hecki) or Northwest African cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus hecki) is a subspecies of Cheetah endemic to Sahara and the Sahel regions of Africa.  It is a critically endangered fauna and its total population was suspected to be less than 250 in 2008.

How it is different from other African Cheetahs?

Saharan Cheetah is different from other Cheetah species in Africa because of shorter coat and nearly white colour. Its face has few or no spots and tear stripes are almost absent.

In which countries, Saharan Cheetah is found?

The Saharan cheetah used to be found in fragmented populations in western and central Sahara and Sahel regions of Africa. The main countries where it is found include Algeria, Chad, Mali, Benin, Burkina Faso and Niger. However, it is now extinct from most of the countries in wild.

What are key climatic adaptations in Saharan Cheetah?

This subspecies is found in hot and dry regions and has some behavioural and physiological adaptation to suit to the harsh environment. For example, they are predominantly nocturnal and can subsist without direct access to water for several days (by obtaining water from blood of their prey).

What is current population of Saharan Cheetah?

It is thought that currently, only 37 individuals may be alive in world in wild.