10th July: National Fish Farmers Day
The Government of India back in 2001 declared 10th July to be celebrated every year as ‘National Fish Farmers Day’. The initiative of celebrating the Day was first taken by Mumbai’s Central Institute of Fisheries Education.
As per the data by the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization’s GLOBEFISH, in December 2019 India is the 2nd Largest Aquaculture Producer in the world. Also, India is the third-largest fish producing country in the world.
Why 10th July was chosen as National Fish Farmers Day?
In Odisha’s Angul district, on 10th July 2020- the first success in induced breeding of fish (by Hypophysation method) was achieved by the two scientists Prof (Dr.) Hiralal Chaudhuri and Dr. K.H. Alikunhi. They further demonstrated the process in the three Indian major carps (Catla, Rohu and Mrigal species of fish).
Hence the induced breeding technology in fishes was a momentous breakthrough in the entire Fish Culture Sector of India.
In remembrance of the contribution of Dr. H.L Chaudhury and Dr. K.H Alikunhi, 10th July is marked as National Fish Farmers Day in India.
In association with National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB), a webinar was conducted by the Department of Fisheries that was attended by Giriraj Singh (Union Minister of Animal Husbandry, Dairying, and Fisheries). With fishermen from across the country and entrepreneurs & scientists from the fishing sector, interactions through video conferencing were conducted during the webinar.
During the webinar, union Minister emphasized on the vision of the Prime Minister Narendra Modi for doubling the farmer’s income and made the fishermen and other participants in the webinar aware about the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana that the Central Government has launched for doubling the income of the fish farmers in the country.
Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY)
With an investment of Rs 20050 crore, the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) was launched in May 2020. Through the scheme, responsible and sustainable development of the fisheries sector will be aimed, which will further help in creating an AtmaNirbhar Bharat.
Under the scheme, 55 lakh (5.5 million) jobs are expected to be created over the next 5 years as the target has been set for an additional 7 million (70 lakh) tonnes of fish production per year.