14 September: National Hindi Divas
National Hindi Divas (हिंदी दिवस) is an annual literary-day celebrated on 14 September in Hindi speaking regions of India and other countries with Hindi speaking population.
Significance: It seeks to propagate Hindi language and its cultural heritage and values. It also seeks to promote the Matra Bhasha i.e. mother tongue of India and show its importance as a language in the country and the world at large.
On the occasion of 2015 Hindi Divas, President Pranab Mukherjee presented Rajbhasa awards in various categories at a function held at Rashtrapati Bhavan.
These Rajbhasa awards are instituted by the Rajbhasha Vibhag of Union Ministry of Home Affairs and recognize Ministries, Departments and Nationalized Banks and others for their excellent contribution in the field of Hindi.
About National Hindi Divas
- National Hindi Divas is observed to mark adaptation of Hindi written in Devanagari script as the official language of India by the Constituent Assembly of India on 14 September 1949.
- The decision of using Hindi as the official language was ratified by the Constitution of India which came into effect on 26 January 1950.
- Under the Article 343 of the Indian Constitution, Hindi written in Devanagri script was adopted as the official language. But presently, there are 2 official languages: Hindi and English.