Abraham Accord: Israel, Bahrain and UAE sign peace agreement

On September 15, 2020, US President Donald Trump, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and foreign ministers of Bahrain and UAE signed the historic peace agreement Abraham Accord. It is the first peace deal between Israel and Arabs in 26 years.

About the deal

According to the deal, the UAE and Bahrain will exchange ambassadors with Israel, and will work together in range of sectors such as trade, tourism, healthcare and security.

Background

Amongst the Arab countries, Bahrain and UAE have fought wars with Israel unlike Egypt and Jordan. Egypt was the first Arab country to sign peace deal with Israel in 1979. In 1994, Jordon signed peace pact under the watch of President Bill Clinton.

Thus UAE and Bahrain are the third and fourth countries to establish complete relations with Israel.

Normalization Agreement

Apart from Abraham Accord, Israel and Bahrain signed separate agreements called the Normalization Agreement. With this agreement, Bahrain has become the fourth Arab state to recognize Israel.

What is Arab-Israeli conflict?

The conflict includes military conflicts, political tension and disputes between Israel and Arab. This escalated in the 20th century. The root cause of the conflict is the support by Arab League for the Palestinians in the ongoing Israel-Palestinian conflict. Arab League was formed in 1945 with six members namely Iraq, Egypt, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Syria. There are 22 members in now and Syria’s participation has been suspended since November 2011.

India is an observer of Arab League. The 22 member countries of Arab league are Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Somalia, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tunisia, Syria, UAE and Yemen.

India’s stand in the conflict

India recognized Israel in 1950. However, India was also the first non-Arab country to recognize Palestine Liberation Organization as the sole representative of Palestine.

In 2019, India voted in favour of decision by Israel in UN ECOSOC (Economic and Social Council) to grant consultative status to the Palestinian NGO.

In 2018, India de-hyphenated its relationship with both Israel and Palestine and treat both countries mutually exclusive and independent.

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