Assam: No Govt. jobs for people with more than 2 children

On October 21, 2019, the Assam Cabinet decided that no Government jobs will be provided to persons with more than 2 children after 1 January 2021. In September 2017, the Assam government had passed the “Population and Women Empowerment Policy of Assam”. Under the policy, job candidates with two children alone would be eligible for government employment and the existing government staff were to strictly follow the two children family norms.

Significance: India

According to 2011 census Indian population is 121.08 crores. The current population of India, the second most populous country in the world is 133.92 crores (2017) according to World Bank. China being the most populous country has a population of 138 crores (2017) according to World Bank Data. However, the population density of China (375 per sq km) is less than the population density of India (416 per sq km)

Significance: Assam

Population of Assam is 3.09 crores. Population Density of Assam is 398 per sq km (greater than that of China). The population in Assam has grown exponentially higher as compared to other states. The history of population growth in Assam is as follows

  • 2013-31.86 million
  • 2104-32.28 million
  • 2015-33.41 million
  • 2016-33.90 million
  • 2017-34.92 million

It is clearly evident that the population in Assam has been growing by a million every year.

Reasons for Population Explosion in Assam

Migration is the major cause for the population explosion in Assam. Even in the past between 1901 and 2011, population in Assam has increased 9 times. The major explosion happened during the 1971 war. The prevailing conditions in Bangladesh during its liberation forced many Pakistani refugees to migrate to Assam. Illiteracy is another major cause for population explosion in Assam.

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