BRICS NSA Summit: Key Facts

On September 17, 2020, the BRICS high representatives on national security met virtually.  The meet was chaired by Russia.

 Highlights

The national security advisors of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa discussed issues related to security and cooperation among BRICS countries.  During the meet, the countries exchanged their views on biosafety, cyber security, International Security, Counter Terrorism.

Significance

The National Security Advisor Summit has gained importance due to the strained diplomatic relations between the two Asian giants India and China. The NSA-level meet is the third high level engagement between India and China.  The Indian Defence Minister Shri Rajnath Singh and the external affairs minister Shri S Jaishankar had already held meetings with their Chinese counterparts on the sidelines of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Summit.

Controversy

The Indian National Security Advisor Ajit doval recently walked out of a virtual meeting of SCO NSA as his Pakistani counterpart sat before a new political map that included the disputed regions of Kashmir and Junagadh as a part of its territory. The new political map was approved by Pakistani Federal cabinet in August 2020.

BRICS

Originally, the grouping was formed with four of its members namely Brazil, India, Russia and China. In 2010, South Africa was added to the grouping. Excluding South Africa, four of these members are among the world’s 10 largest countries by population and area. These countries make up to 25 percentage of world land mass.

Since 2012, the countries are planning to establish optical fibre submarine communication cable system.  The system is to be used to carry telecommunication between the member countries. The cable is to be known as BRICS cable.

Sino-Indian Rivalry

The strained relations between India and China has multifaceted implications towards the development of South Asian region and mostly BRICS. China is increasing its diplomatic and economic engagement with South Asia under its Good Neighbour Policy.  India on the other hand is focusing on east and Southeast Asian countries under its Look East Policy.

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