Art & Culture Current Affairs - 2019

Latest Art & Culture Current Affairs 2019-2020 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Art & Culture with all important art and culture current affairs updates.

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Sarbat Da Bhala Express: Train flagged off at New Delhi railway station

Union Ministers Piyush Goyal, Harsh Vardhan and Harsimrat Kaur Badal flagged off ‘Sarbat Da Bhala Express’ train at New Delhi railway station. The ‘New Delhi-Lohian Khas-New Delhi Intercity Express’ was recently renamed as ‘Sarbat da Bhala Express’ by Indian Railways. The renamed train will ply from New Delhi to Lohian Khas via holy city Sultanpur Lodhi.

The 550th anniversary of Guru Nanak will be celebrated on 12 November 2019. Several trains have been started by government to facilitate people but this train is a gift for Delhiites and countrymen.

Renaming of Train

The request to rename the train was made by Union Minister of Food Processing Industries Harsimrat Kaur Badal on occasion of 550th Parkash Purb. Her request was later accepted by Railway Minister Piyush Goyal. The renaming of this train is an initiative to follow the path shown by Guru Nanak ji, who was a messenger of peace.

The Prakash Utsav (or Parkash Purb) is celebrated every year to mark the publishing of teachings of Sikh gurus and saints of various communities in the form of hymns and sayings that continue to give the message of love and service to society.

NOTE: It was in Sultanpur Lodhi only that Guru Nanak ji spent 14 years of his life and taught that all communities are one.

New Commemorative Rs.150 coin launched on Mahatma Gandhi’s 150th anniversary

On the occasion of 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, Prime Minister Narendra Modi released the commemorative coins of Rs.150 denomination. PM Modi released the coins at an event held at Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad, Gujarat on 2 October 2019. Sabarmati Ashram is the seat from where father of nation launched most of his freedom fight related movement.

Key Highlights

A few days before 150th birth anniversary of the Mahatma, the United Nations (UN) released a postal stamp to mark the event.

The first commemorative coin in India was issued in 1964 with the image of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India to commemorate his birth anniversary.

This is not the first commemorative coin to be launched this year as in January 2019, PM Modi released a commemorative coin of Rs.350 denomination marking birth anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh. In 2018, PM launched a commemorative coin of Rs.100 in honor of Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the former prime minister.

About Commemorative Coins

The commemorative coins are released to mark some special events such as birth anniversaries of popular historical figures. Although these coins sport a distinct design to signify occasion on which they are issued but most of the commemorative coins are treated as collectibles and are a bountiful treasure for coin collectors. Some countries issue commemorative coins for regular circulation too.

The lower denomination coins are used in general circulation while higher denomination coins are meant for collection purposes and they usually contain some gold and silver in them so they are found with some coin dealers with marked-up prices. According to law, commemorative coins are not legal tenders unless notified.

Three different kinds of commemorative coins-

Regular Issue Coins– They are meant for day to day commercial use and they are issued in the same design for many years

Circulating Commemorative Coins– They are also meant for day to day commerce use, however, their design will be used only for a limited time to mark an event. These are Non-circulating legal tender (NCLT) which means they are commemorative coins that are still legal tender and can be used to buy goods and services. Usually, the purpose of such coins is to draw attention of world to a particular person or event.