Art & Culture Current Affairs 2018
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The International Museum Day is observed on May 18 across the world to raise awareness on how important museums are in the development of society. The 2018 theme was ‘Museums and Hyper Communication – New Approaches and New Public‘.
Significance of theme
Hyperconnectivity term was invented in 2001 to design multiple means of communication, such as face-to-face contact, email, instant messaging, telephone or Internet. This global network of connections is becoming more complex day by day, diverse and integrated. In the hyperconnected world, museums join this trend being inherent part of their local communities, their cultural landscape and their natural environment.
International Museum Day was instituted in 1977 by International Council of Museums (ICOM). The objective of day is to raise awareness of museums as an important means of cultural exchange, enrichment of cultures and development of mutual understanding, cooperation and peace among peoples.
International Council of Museum (ICOM)
It is the main and only organisation of museums and museum professionals with global scope, committed to promotion and protection of natural and cultural heritage, present and future, tangible and intangible. It was created in 1946 and is headquartered in Paris, France. It serves as a network of museum professionals (35,000 members in 137 countries) acting in wide range of museum- and heritage-related disciplines.
International Buddhist Conference was held in Lumbini, Nepal on 29 and 30 April 2018 to commemorate 2562nd Buddha Jayanti. The theme of the conference was ‘Lumbini Nepal: The birthplace of Lord Buddha and the fountain of Buddhism and world peace’.
Lumbini is birth place of Gautama Buddha, founder of Buddhist religion. Lord Buddha was born in sacred garden of Lumbini during 6th century BC and had attained enlightenment in Bodh Gaya, (now in Bihar, India) and gave his first sermon in Sarnath and died in Kushinagar.
The basic objective of conference was to disseminate teachings of Buddha and spread messages of nonviolence, brotherhood, co-existence, love and peace to international community. It also aimed to help to propagate and enhance the importance and the glory of Lumbini in the international arena.
Representatives from 16 countries including US, Japan, India, China, Indonesia and Sri Lanka attended the conference. Buddhist scholars from various countries also presented their papers for discussions during the conference.
At end of the conference, 10 point Lumbini Declaration was adopted. It includes issues such as interfaith dialogue, infrastructure development, connecting Buddhist attractions in Nepal and India, and implementing Greater Lumbini Area Master Plan.