Art & Culture Current Affairs - 2019

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Martyrdom day of Guru Teg Bahadur observed on 24 November

Martyrdom Day of 9th Sikh guru, Guru Teg Bahadur was being observed on 24th November 2014. It was on this day in 1675, Guru Teg Bahadur had sacrificed his life in Chandni Chowk, Delhi on the orders of the sixth Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.

Events organised to observe Martyrdom Day of Guru Teg Bahadur

  • In Punjab, main religious congregations were being organised at Anandpur Sahib in Ropar district where Guru’s head was cremated and in the Gurudwaras which are related to the memory of Guru.
  • Community kitchens have been set up at many places. Devotees visited the Gurudwaras since morning and continuous gurbani recitation took place.
  • A special journey known as “Rin Uttar Yatra’ to pay gratitude to great guru has started from Anandpur Sahib, Rupnagar district, Punjab on 23rd November 2014 and it will conclude at Gurudwara Sis Ganj Delhi.
  • Seminars were organized at many places in Punjab and Haryana by the Sikh scholars to apprise younger generation about guru’s sacrifice.

About Guru Tegh Bahadur

Guru Teg Bahadur is also known as Hind Di Chadder– Protector of India. He had sacrificed his life for the unity of the society of that period and to stop religious tyranny under the rule of sixth Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. He became the 9th Guru of Sikhs on 16 April 1664, a position earlier occupied by his grand-nephew, Guru Har Krishan.

He had travelled in different parts of the country, including Dhaka and Assam, to preach the teachings of Guru Nanak, the first Sikh guru. Guru Tegh Bahadur was executed on the orders of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi for resisting the forced conversions of Hindus in Kashmir.

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Government to set up National Cultural Audio-Visual Archives at Jodhpur

The Ministry of Culture will be setting up a National Cultural Audio-Visual Archives in Jodhpur in an effort to preserve India’s cultural heritage. The project will involve collaboration between the Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA) under the Ministry of Culture and the Rupayan Sansthan. A MoU for the pilot project has been signed between the two bodies. The project aims to digitise and make 10,000 hours of digital audio and video accessible by March 31, 2017. A committee of experts in audio-visual archiving will guide the IGNCA in this endeavor

Objective

The project aims to create digital archives in India that are up to international standards. The project will see IGNCA and its partnering and collaborating institutions work to achieve this goal. The project seeks to conserve and preserve India’s archives, and create awareness of their importance and proper upkeep.

The current phase of the project has the following short-time goals:-

  • Devise a scheme of standards with respect to digitisation and metadata
  • Carry out the actual digitization of material stored in audio-visual form with various government institutions, NGOs and in private collection
  • Provide access to approximately 10,000 hours of audio-visual material
  • Build capacity in the domain of audio-visual archiving

Collaboration

The IGNCA identified the  Jodhpur-based Rupayan Sansthan as a partnering institution. The two bodies will work together to develop a digital audio-visual repository and disseminate content sourced by both bodies from multiple partnering institutions.

Under the project, main focus would be on identifying and preserving the cultural heritage of India available in audio-visual form in governmental and non-governmental institutions across the country through digitisation and making the material accessible in the public domain.

Rupayan Sansthan

Rupayan Sansthan was established by ethno-musicologist and folk artist late Komal Kothari, and folk storyteller and writer, Vijaydan Detha in 1960. Their initial goal in establishing the foundation was to collect folk tales and folk songs to bring out the richness of Rajasthan. The foundation later evolved and was active in community development in Rajasthan.

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