Art & Culture Current Affairs - 2019

Latest Art & Culture Current Affairs 2019-2020 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Art & Culture with all important art and culture current affairs updates.

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Bathukamma-2019: The Telangana Flower Festival begins

Bathukamma, the flower festival of Telangana, is being celebrated in state’s Warangal district. The nine-day long festival of flowers will be celebrated from 29 September to 6 October 2019. Bathukamma marks the beginning of Sharath Ruthu and it is widely celebrated by young girls and women.

About Bathukamma

What is Bathukamma?

The ‘Bathukammas’ are basically the cone shaped flower stack, at street corners and temples in the city. Women and young girls dances around these Bathukammas to shower their offerings. These Bathukammas’ are then later immerse in water.

The festival is celebrated towards the end of monsoon and heralds the abundance that nature has to offer. The festival begins on day of Mahalaya Amavasya, and is celebrated with much fanfare for 9 days.

Why is Bathukama Celebrated?

This floral festival is to pray to the Goddess for health and achievements of each family. The word Bathukamma means- ‘Mother Goddess come to life’. The festival represents the culture and identity of people of Telangana and involves the worship of Maha Gauri – “Life Giver” in form of Gauri Devi (patron goddess of womanhood).

How is it celebrated?

Preparing a Bathukamma is a folk art and requires careful attention. On a brass plate, called as tambalan, flowers of different colours are carefully arranged in circular rows, one layer on top of other. The Bathukamma then gradually increases in size and looks more vibrant and colourful and is kept before family goddess and prayers are offered.  With the onset of evening, women, in their best attires, put Bathukamma in their courtyard and encircle around it, and then sing songs which creates an ambience of peace and harmony. Before dusk, they carry it on their heads and immerse it in water and later they share the ‘maleeda’ (a dessert made with sugar and corn bread) among friends.

Bangladesh lifts ban on Hilsa export to India

Bangladesh Government will allow 500 tons of Hilsa fish to be exported to India prior to the eve of Durga Pooja. Bangladesh accounts to nearly 75% of world Hilsa production. The government of Bangladesh had imposed ban on its export to India due to its over – exploitation.

About Hilsa

Hilsa is an endemic species of Bangladesh. It is generally referred to “King of Fish” for its soft texture and pleasant flavor. It is the national fish of Bangladesh.

Why did Bangladesh stop export of Hilsa?

The population of Hilsa was fast decreasing in the river systems of Bangladesh. This was mainly due to

  • Over exploitation, construction of dams, dumping of domestic and industrial wastes into water bodies.
  • The fish are also affected by the oil spills.
  • Their required amount of plankton reduced due to chemical pollution.
  • There are around 4 million fishermen involved in Hilsa fishing alone! This led to over exploitation.

The fish is also smuggled out of Bangladesh after the ban. This causes high loss of revenue for the government.

Hilsa was under grave danger mainly due to over – consumption.  Apart from reduction of its population, the size of the fish also began to reduce. Therefore, the Government of Bangladesh brought in several measures to save the species. The export ban was one such step.

IUCN Status of Hilsa

The fish received the status of “Threatened Species” under IUCN red list.

Steps by Bangladesh to save Hilsa

Bangladesh had introduced ban on catching baby Hilsa in 2018. It had announced strict fines on people buying and selling Hilsa weighing less than a pound. Even today in order to protect the endemic species, Bangladesh has prohibited Hilsa fishing in Padma and Meghna rivers during breeding season.

Steps by Bengal Government to save Hilsa

The Bengal government has a local state legislature that empowers the Fisheries department to fine and arrest people catching Baby Hilsa.

Cultural significance

A Bengali feast is incomplete without the Hilsa. In the past, Bengali families presented Hilsa (wrapped in red sari) to the groom’s family. It is also offered to Goddess Saraswati during Navarathri festival.

Habitat

Hilsa unlike Salmon cannot be farmed. This is mainly because of their peculiar habitat through aquaculture. The adult Hilsa swims several kilo meters upstream to fresh water from sea for spawning (laying eggs) and return back to sea.

The fish is abundantly present in the Sunderbans and in the slow flowing waters of Ganga – Brahmaputra. They are usually found at the mouth of the river.

The fish is also found near the mouth of Godavari river of Andhra Pradesh. It plays a significant role in the recipes of Andhra as well. The people of Andhra offer the fish to goddess Lakshmi during Navarathri festival.