Art & Culture Current Affairs - 2019
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In a bid to give a fillip to tribal economy in Ladakh, Aadi Mahotsav or National Tribal Festival will be organised at Polo Ground, Leh-Ladakh. It is a 9 day festival that will start from 17 August till 25 August 2019. The event will be inaugurated by Governor of Jammu and Kashmir, Satya Pal Malik. Until 2018 Ladakh did not figure on list of places where Aadi Mahotsav is held every year.
About Aadi Mahotsav
It is a joint initiative of Union Ministry of Tribal Affairs and Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED). TRIFED will essentially play role of a Service provider & Market Developer.
Theme of festival: A celebration of the spirit of Tribal Craft, Culture and Commerce.
It is 1st such event in Ladakh since central government announced decision to make Ladakh a Union Territory. At present Ladakh is a part of Jammu and Kashmir and new UT will come into effect on 31 October 2019.
It is aimed at scaling up business opportunities for tribals. Changes in Union Territory status of Ladakh has provided an opportunity to scale up business opportunities for tribals in Ladakh.
Significance: Aadi Mahotsav in Leh, Ladakh by showcasing tribal culture, cuisine, art, craft, and herbal medicines will help spread these in other parts of country and provide opportunities to tribals for economic growth and prosperity.
Participants: About 160 tribal artisans from more than 20 states across India will participate and showcase their craft. Major attraction of event will be:
Tribal textiles from- Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, West Bengal
Tribal jewellery from- Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and the Northeast
Art and craft from- Gond and Warli art, metal craft from Chhattisgarh and black pottery from Manipur
Ladakh Tribals: In Ladakh tribals make up 70% of population. Ladakh is known for pashmina shawls and apricots and the Idea behind event is to provide tribal cultivators with a big market across India. Through a collaboration of TRIFED and online marketplace Amazon, these products will be sold in 190 countries across the world.
e-transactions: At Aadi Mahotsav, an effort will be made to take tribal commerce to next level of digital and electronic transactions. For the 1st time, tribal artisans will be accepting payment through major credit/debit cards for which point of sale machines have been provided at each stall. At the event will two reputed local cultural troupes will present Ladakhi folk dances.
Over the next 10 days, a Van Dhan camp will be organized in Ladakh. Village-level groups of tribal artisans will be formed under Van Dhan scheme which seeks to improve tribal incomes through value addition of their products.
NOTE: Van Dhan scheme was launched in 2018. Government has set a target of setting up 600 Van Dhan by September 2019 and total 5,000 in the next 5 years. Under it a group of 20 tribal artisans is trained and provided with working capital to add value to products, which they collect from jungle, at each Van Dhan Kendra.
The famous Palani panchamirtham, given as ‘prasadam’ at Murugan temple in Palani, Tamil Nadu has been granted Geographical Indication (GI) tag. This is first temple ‘prasadam’ from Tamil Nadu that has been bestowed with coveted GI tag. It takes total number of such indigenous products from Tamil Nadu that have been accorded GI tag to 29.
It is an ‘abhishega prasadam’ (food that is a religious offering), which is served in a semi-solid state. In Tamil, term ‘pancha’ means five and ‘amirtham’ means delicacy.
It is combination of five natural substances —jaggery, banana, cow ghee, honey and cardamom. Besides, these five basic ingredients, dates and diamond sugar candies are also added for flavour.
It is sweet in taste. It one of main offerings for Lord Dhandayuthapani Swamy, the presiding deity of Arulmigu Dhandayuthapani Swamy Temple, situated on Palani Hills.
It is prepared naturally without addition of any artificial ingredients and preservatives or any chemical process. No water is added during preparation of panchamirtham. This gives it its classic semi-solid consistency and taste.
The geographical area for production of Palani Panchamirtham is not just Arulmigu Dhandayuthapani Swamy temple, but entire Palani town in Dindigul district of Tamil Nadu.
About Geographical Indication
It defines goods as originating in territory of a country or a region or locality in that territory, provided a given quality reputation or other characteristics of the product are attributable to its geographical origin.
The product to acquire GI tag has to indicate that it is of particular origin and has certain unique quality or reputation or some other characteristics, which is essentially attributable to its geographical origin.
In India, GI tag is given by the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks, who is Registrar of Geographical Indications (under Union ministry of commerce & industry) under statutory provisions of Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection Act), 1999.