Art & Culture Current Affairs - 2019

Latest Art & Culture Current Affairs 2019-2020 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Art & Culture with all important art and culture current affairs updates.

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India’s first Maritime Museum in Gujarat

The Government of India is planning to establish a National Maritime Heritage Museum at Lothal in Gujarat. The museum will also act as an independent research center for archaeology of boat building, reconstruction of maritime history and materials traded. It will hold display of salvaged materials from shipwreck sites in Indian Ocean waters.

Underwater Archaeology

The underwater archaeology involves remains of submerged shipwrecks, ports and records of maritime activity from archaeological excavations. The shipwrecks studies in India were initiated in 1989 in the Sunchi Reef, Goa. According to UNESCO, there are around 3 million undiscovered shipwrecks on the world’s ocean floor.


India has vast potential with its rich maritime history. The archaeological evidence from South East Asia and Persian Gulf say that Indian maritime voyagers ventured into eastern and western seas even before 4000 years ago. Studying about sunken ships will help to fill in gaps in India’s maritime history and trade links with other countries.


Lothal is an ancient city of Indus Valley Civilization. It was discovered in 1954 by the ASI (Archaeological Survey of India). The site is important as the irrigation tank of the city was used as a dock in ancient times. Also the city was a part of a major river system (the five rivers flowing through Punjab) on the trade route. The GoI has requested UNESCO to add Lothal into the lists of UNESCO Heritage sites. The requisition is yet to receive approval.

20th Nagaland Hornbill Festival

The Nagaland Hornbill Festival began at Naga Heritage Village at Kisama in Nagaland on 1 December 2019. The year 2019 celebrates the 20th edition of Hornbill Festival and the festival this year coincides with Nagaland Statehood Day. The much-awaited festival began with a colourful blend of culture and tradition with a modern twist.

About Nagaland Hornbill Festival

Hornbill festival is also known as ‘Festival of Festivals’ and is named after hornbill bird. This festival symbolises ‘Respect and ‘Folklore’ among Nagas.

The festival is an annual tourism promotional event to showcase north eastern state’s traditional and rich cultural heritage in all its ethnicity, diversity and grandeur. It is organised by state government of Nagaland.

Through the festival Naga people come together and unite through their cultures thereby upholding the enormous richness on their culture and traditions which has been passed down to them by their ancestors.

Nagaland Hornbill Festival 2019

The 10 Days Hornbill Festival began with traditional blessing pronounced by Mongtei of Aniashu village while Chief host, Nagaland Governor R N Ravi and Host, Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio opened festival by beating traditional gong. This year’s annual Hornbill Festival is set to get bigger with a new global partner and a mantra of zero-waste.

Celebrations: The Festival will witness cultural performance of different tribes of Nagaland and Northeastern States, indigenous games, night carnival, city tour, art exhibition, photo-fest  among others. The festival included a colourful display of Naga Culture themed as ‘Colours of Nagaland’.  A display of Sukhoi aircraft flying over Kisama site was also organised in close coordination between state government and Eastern Air Command (IAF) (headquartered in Shillong). Nagaland government has also partnered with Airbnb in hope that deal would boost state’s tourism potential.