Art & Culture Current Affairs - 2019
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Nuakhai Juhar, a harvest festival welcoming the newly harvest crop of the season was celebrated in Odisha. It is one of the most ancient festivals celebrated in Odisha to welcome new crop of the season. It is an important social festival of Western Odisha and is an agricultural festival.
About Nuakhai Juhar
It is also called Nuakhai Parab or Nuakahi Bhetghat.
Observed on: It is observed on Panchami Tithi of month of Bhadraba.
Nuakhai is derived from two words- ‘nua’ means new and ‘khai’ means eat, therefore it signifies “eating of new rice”. Celebration: On this auspicious day, people worship food grain, prepare special meals and everyone eats it together. Farmers offer the 1st produce from their lands to Goddess Samaleswari, the famous mother goddess of Sambalpur district of Odisha and then consume it personally.
Nuakhai festival is mainly observed in western part of Odisha for possession of welcome newly harvest crop of the season.
It is the harvest festival of Odisha wherein farmers are in possession of new rice of season. It is observed to welcome new rice of season.
It is celebrated across districts such as Sambalpur, Jharsuguda, Kalahandi, Nuapada, Balangir, Bargarh, Sundargarh, Boudh and Sonepur also across several areas of Jharkhand.
Several cultural programmes- folk songs and dances are organised on this day to display state’s local culture and tradition.
The Geographical Indications Registry (GIR) in Chennai has accorded coveted Geographical Indication (GI) tag to Dindigul lock and Kandangi saree from Tamil Nadu. This takes total number of such indigenous products that have been accorded GI tag from Tamil Nadu to 31.
They are known throughout world for their superior quality and durability. More than 3,125 lock manufacturing units are limited to an area of 5 km in and around Dindigul. This is the main reason Dindigul city is also called as Lock City.
The lock manufacturing units in the city are concentrated in Nallampatti, Nagelnagar, Kodaiparailpatti, Kamalapatti and Yagappanpatti. The abundance of iron in this region is main reason for growth of this industry.
There are over 50 varieties of locks made by artisans using raw materials such as brass plates and MS flat plates procured from the nearby towns, including Salem and Madurai. Government institutions such as prisons, godowns, hospitals, and even temples use these locks instead of other machine-made ones.
They are manufactured in entire Karaikudi taluk in Sivaganga district of Tamil Nadu. They are made up of high quality cotton from Coimbatore. The main characteristic of these sarees are its bright colours that hold strong. They are characterised by large contrast borders. Some varieties of this saree are known to have borders covering as far as two-thirds of saree which is usually around 5.10 m-5.60 m in length. These cotton sarees are usually worn in summer and are bought by customers in bulk. These sarees are manually made using winding machine, shuttle, loom and bobbin. It is team effort of families who live in the town of Karaikudi and it forms part of their basic livelihood.