Art & Culture Current Affairs

Latest Art & Culture Current Affairs 2019-2020 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Art & Culture with all important art and culture current affairs updates.

New Commemorative Rs.150 coin launched on Mahatma Gandhi’s 150th anniversary

On the occasion of 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, Prime Minister Narendra Modi released the commemorative coins of Rs.150 denomination. PM Modi released the coins at an event held at Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad, Gujarat on 2 October 2019. Sabarmati Ashram is the seat from where father of nation launched most of his freedom fight related movement.

Key Highlights

A few days before 150th birth anniversary of the Mahatma, the United Nations (UN) released a postal stamp to mark the event.

The first commemorative coin in India was issued in 1964 with the image of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India to commemorate his birth anniversary.

This is not the first commemorative coin to be launched this year as in January 2019, PM Modi released a commemorative coin of Rs.350 denomination marking birth anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh. In 2018, PM launched a commemorative coin of Rs.100 in honor of Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the former prime minister.

About Commemorative Coins

The commemorative coins are released to mark some special events such as birth anniversaries of popular historical figures. Although these coins sport a distinct design to signify occasion on which they are issued but most of the commemorative coins are treated as collectibles and are a bountiful treasure for coin collectors. Some countries issue commemorative coins for regular circulation too.

The lower denomination coins are used in general circulation while higher denomination coins are meant for collection purposes and they usually contain some gold and silver in them so they are found with some coin dealers with marked-up prices. According to law, commemorative coins are not legal tenders unless notified.

Three different kinds of commemorative coins-

Regular Issue Coins– They are meant for day to day commercial use and they are issued in the same design for many years

Circulating Commemorative Coins– They are also meant for day to day commerce use, however, their design will be used only for a limited time to mark an event. These are Non-circulating legal tender (NCLT) which means they are commemorative coins that are still legal tender and can be used to buy goods and services. Usually, the purpose of such coins is to draw attention of world to a particular person or event.

Bathukamma-2019: The Telangana Flower Festival begins

Bathukamma, the flower festival of Telangana, is being celebrated in state’s Warangal district. The nine-day long festival of flowers will be celebrated from 29 September to 6 October 2019. Bathukamma marks the beginning of Sharath Ruthu and it is widely celebrated by young girls and women.

About Bathukamma

What is Bathukamma?

The ‘Bathukammas’ are basically the cone shaped flower stack, at street corners and temples in the city. Women and young girls dances around these Bathukammas to shower their offerings. These Bathukammas’ are then later immerse in water.

The festival is celebrated towards the end of monsoon and heralds the abundance that nature has to offer. The festival begins on day of Mahalaya Amavasya, and is celebrated with much fanfare for 9 days.

Why is Bathukama Celebrated?

This floral festival is to pray to the Goddess for health and achievements of each family. The word Bathukamma means- ‘Mother Goddess come to life’. The festival represents the culture and identity of people of Telangana and involves the worship of Maha Gauri – “Life Giver” in form of Gauri Devi (patron goddess of womanhood).

How is it celebrated?

Preparing a Bathukamma is a folk art and requires careful attention. On a brass plate, called as tambalan, flowers of different colours are carefully arranged in circular rows, one layer on top of other. The Bathukamma then gradually increases in size and looks more vibrant and colourful and is kept before family goddess and prayers are offered.  With the onset of evening, women, in their best attires, put Bathukamma in their courtyard and encircle around it, and then sing songs which creates an ambience of peace and harmony. Before dusk, they carry it on their heads and immerse it in water and later they share the ‘maleeda’ (a dessert made with sugar and corn bread) among friends.