Art & Culture Current Affairs - 2020

Latest Art & Culture Current Affairs 2019-2020 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Art & Culture with all important art and culture current affairs updates.

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17 August: Parsi New Year Navroz celebrated

Parsi New Year, also known as Navroz or Jamshedi Navroz, is celebrated every year on August 17 to mark the beginning of the new Iranian calendar. In Persian, Nav means new and Roz means day and together translating to ‘new day’. It is celebrated for health, wealth, prosperity and productivity. The central feature of this festive day is visiting Fire Temple and offering prayers to deities Khorshed and Meher, who are considered the presiding deities of sun and moon respectively.

Background

Jamshedi Navroz got its name from legendary King of Persia – Jamshed, who is said to have introduced solar calculation in Parsi Calendar. In Iran and other parts, Zoroastrians celebrate Persian New Year using Fasli/Bastnai calendar according to which this day falls on moment of Vernal Equinox and marks beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere, mostly falls on March 21st every year. However, Parsis in India follow Shahenshahi calendar (which does not account for leap years) and hence Persian New Year in India is celebrated mostly on August 17th, approximately 150-200 days after its original day of vernal equinox (Spring Equinox). Celebrations of Jamshedi Navroz or Parsi New Year are similar to Nowruz spring festival where people celebrate commencement of New Year amidst exchange of gifts, donations, new clothes, house cleaning and lots of fun and frolic.

Zoroastrians

Parsis (are also known as Zoroastrians) as they follow Zoroastrianism, one of the oldest known monotheistic religions founded by Prophet Zarathustra or Zoroaster (Greek) in Pre-Islam era of ancient Iran approximately 3500 years ago in 650 BC. After the invasion of Islamic armies in 7th Century, Zoroastrians fled Persia and mainly dwelled in India.

India is home to the largest group of Parsis from around the world where the community has been a significant part of the economic and industrial growth of the country and lives in harmony with various other religions like Hindus, Sikhs, Muslims, Christians and many more.

National Tribal Festival ‘Aadi Mahotsav’ being organised at Leh-Ladakh

In a bid to give a fillip to tribal economy in Ladakh, Aadi Mahotsav or National Tribal Festival will be organised at Polo Ground, Leh-Ladakh. It is a 9 day festival that will start from 17 August till 25 August 2019. The event will be inaugurated by Governor of Jammu and Kashmir, Satya Pal Malik. Until 2018 Ladakh did not figure on list of places where Aadi Mahotsav is held every year.

About Aadi Mahotsav

It is a joint initiative of Union Ministry of Tribal Affairs and Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED). TRIFED will essentially play role of a Service provider & Market Developer.

Theme of festival: A celebration of the spirit of Tribal Craft, Culture and Commerce.

It is 1st such event in Ladakh since central government announced decision to make Ladakh a Union Territory. At present Ladakh is a part of Jammu and Kashmir and new UT will come into effect on 31 October 2019.

It is aimed at scaling up business opportunities for tribals. Changes in Union Territory status of Ladakh has provided an opportunity to scale up business opportunities for tribals in Ladakh.

Significance: Aadi Mahotsav in Leh, Ladakh by showcasing tribal culture, cuisine, art, craft, and herbal medicines will help spread these in other parts of country and provide opportunities to tribals for economic growth and prosperity.

Participants: About 160 tribal artisans from more than 20 states across India will participate and showcase their craft. Major attraction of event will be:

Tribal textiles from-  Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, West Bengal

Tribal jewellery from-  Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and the Northeast

Art and craft from- Gond and Warli art, metal craft from Chhattisgarh and black pottery from Manipur

Ladakh Tribals: In Ladakh tribals make up 70% of population. Ladakh is known for pashmina shawls and apricots and the Idea behind event is to provide tribal cultivators with a big market across India. Through a collaboration of TRIFED and online marketplace Amazon, these products will be sold in 190 countries across the world.

e-transactions: At Aadi Mahotsav, an effort will be made to take tribal commerce to next level of digital and electronic transactions. For the 1st time, tribal artisans will be accepting payment through major credit/debit cards for which point of sale machines have been provided at each stall. At the event will two reputed local cultural troupes will present Ladakhi folk dances.

Over the next 10 days, a Van Dhan camp will be organized in Ladakh. Village-level groups of tribal artisans will be formed under Van Dhan scheme which seeks to improve tribal incomes through value addition of their products.

NOTE: Van Dhan scheme was launched in 2018. Government has set a target of setting up 600 Van Dhan by September 2019 and total 5,000 in the next 5 years. Under it a group of 20 tribal artisans is trained and provided with working capital to add value to products, which they collect from jungle, at each Van Dhan Kendra.