Art & Culture Current Affairs - 2019
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The Prayagraj Kumbh Mela 2019 has made into Guinness World Records in the following three sectors:
- Largest traffic and crowd management plan.
- Biggest painting exercise of public sites under paint my city scheme.
- Biggest sanitation and waste disposal mechanism.
Kumbh Mela, the festival of the sacred pitcher is the largest public gathering and collective act of faith, anywhere in the world. This Hindu pilgrimage Kumbh Mela is celebrated four times over a course of 12 years over four locations in India. The site of Kumbh Mela keeps rotating between one of the four pilgrimages on four sacred rivers as listed below:
- Haridwar on the Ganges in Uttarakhand
- Ujjain on the Shipra in Madhya Pradesh
- Nashik on the Godavari in Maharashtra
- Prayagraj at the confluence of the Ganges, the Yamuna, and the mythical Sarasvati in Uttar Pradesh.
The Kumbh Mela has been inscribed on the list of “Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity” by UNESCO in 2017.
Mythological Significance of Kumbh Mela
The origin of Kumbh Mela Can be traced to the works of the 8th-century philosopher Shankaracharya. The founding myth of the Kumbh Mela points out to the Puranas which recounts how Gods and demons fought over the sacred pitcher (Kumbh) of Amrit (nectar of immortality).
It is widely believed that Lord Vishnu disguised as the enchantress Mohini whisked the Kumbh out of the grasp of the demons who had tried to claim it. As he took it heavenwards, a few drops of the precious nectar fell on the four sacred sites of Haridwar, Ujjain, Nashik and Prayag.
The flight and the following pursuit is said to have lasted twelve divine days which are equivalent to twelve human years. Therefore the Kumbh Mela is celebrated every twelve years staggered at each of the four sacred sites in this cycle.
Tags: Ganga • Godavari • Haridwar • Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity • Kumbha Mela • Madhya Pradesh • Maharashtra • Nashik • Prayagraj • Prayagraj Kumbh Mela 2019 • Saraswati • Shankaracharya • Shipra • Ujjain • UNESCO • Uttar Pradesh • Uttarakhand • Yamuna
The Union Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment Thaawarchand Gehlot launched the 2nd Edition of Indian Sign Language (ISL) Dictionary in New Delhi.
- The Dictionary was brought about by Indian Sign Language Research and Training Centre (ISLRTC) under the Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD) of Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment.
- The second edition dictionary includes total 6000 words under the categories of academic, legal, medical, technical and everyday terms against the first edition which had about 3000 words.
- The ISL Dictionary is also available on ISLRTC’s YouTube channel.
- The dictionary is intended to serve as a resource for ISL teachers, ISL learners, teachers of the hearing impaired, interpreters, parents of hearing-impaired children and researchers.
- The dictionary was prepared with the involvement of the hearing impaired community, by giving due consideration to their suggestions and understanding.
- The dictionary videos contain the sign, the English term for the sign and pictures where relevant and word list is also given with the English and Hindi equivalents of the signs.
- National Workshops were conducted with hearing-impaired participants from all over India to provide feedback and suggestions on ISLRTC’s Dictionary. The videos recorded in the workshops have also been included as regional signs in the Dictionary.
Most of the hearing impaired persons use Indian Sign Language to communicate. The aim of the dictionary is to help spread the use of ISL which could result in better education and employment opportunities for hearing impaired persons.
Tags: Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities • hearing impaired • Indian Sign Language • Indian Sign Language dictionary • Indian Sign Language Research and Training Centre • Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment • Persons with Disabilities • Union Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment