Art & Culture Current Affairs - 2019
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Tamil Nadu has announced the setting up of country’s first music museum with assistance from the Central government in Thiruvaiyaru which is the birthplace of Saint Tyagaraja, one of the Trinities of Carnatic music. The other two of the Trinity are Muthuswami Dikshitar and Syama Sastri.
Saint Tyagaraja was a renowned composer of Carnatic music. He has composed thousands of devotional compositions, mostly in Telugu in the praise of Lord Rama, many of which remain popular today. He saw the reigns of four kings of Maratha dynasty — Tulaja II (1763-1787), Amarasimha (1787-1798), Serfoji II (1798-1832) and Sivaji II (1832-1855), but he served none of them.
Saint Muthuswami Dikshitar
Saint Muthuswami Dikshitar was a South Indian poet and composer. His compositions are noted for their elaborate and poetic descriptions of Hindu gods and temples and for capturing the essence of the raga forms through the vainika (veena) style that emphasises gamakas. His compositions are predominantly in Sanskrit and he has also composed some of his Kritis in Manipravalam (a mixture of Sanskrit and Tamil).
Saint Syama Sastri
Saint Syama Sastri was a musician and composer of Carnatic music and was the oldest among the Trinity of Carnatic music. Even though he did not compose so many Kritis, his compositions are still well known due to the literary, melodic and rhythmic proficiency observed in them. He composed in a more formal form of Telugu which borrows heavily from Sanskrit and there are also a number of Kritis in Tamil attributed to him. Most of his works propitiate the goddess Kamakshi.
Fourth edition of Kochi-Muziris biennale was inaugurated by Kerala Chief Minister at Parade Ground in Fort Kochi, Kerala. The Biennale was curated by Anita Dube and become the first Biennale in world in which participation of women accounts for half of the participating artists. The 108-day long event will showcase 94 artists in 10 venues of the city. The Theme of the Biennale is – “Possibilities for a Non- Alienated Life”.
Kochi Muziris Biennale
It is the largest contemporary art exhibition of India held in Kochi, Kerala. The event is the combined effort of Kochi Biennale Foundation and government of India. The aim of the initiative is to bring artist from around the globe and promote contemporary art. Contemporary artists Bose Krisnamachari and Riyaz Komu proposed the state government the idea of Biennale on the lines of Venice Biennale. First Kochi-Muziris Biennale began in December 2012.
Kochi Biennale Foundation
It is a non-profit charitable trust founded in 2010 for promoting art and culture educational activities in India. It is the primary organization to host Kochi-Muziris Biennale. It also works towards the conservation of heritage properties and upliftment of tradition art.