Art & Culture Current Affairs - 2019
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Madhubani railway station got complete makeover with Mithila paintings. The makeover project was unique initiative of Indian Railways to experiment with local artists voluntarily painting works in short span of two months. More than 225 artists, 80% of them women, volunteered to paint station free of cost. The total wall area of railway station covering area more than 14,000 sq ft has been fully painted with various themes under traditional Mithila painting style.
Mithila painting is folk painting practiced in Mithila region of India (especially Bihar) and Nepal. It is also known as Madhubani paintings which mean ‘forest of honey’. It has been mentioned in ancient Indian texts like Ramayana.
It originated in small village known as Maithili in Bihar. Initially, women from village drew paintings on freshly plastered mud walls of their home as illustration of their thoughts, hopes and dreams using fingers and twigs forming two dimensional imagery using paste of powdered rice. With time, it became part of festivities and special events like marriage. It was made from paste of powdered rice. It also used colours derived from vegetables and plants. Now they are also painted on cloth, handmade paper and canvas.
The central themes of Mithila paintings are based on Hindu Gods and Goddesses. Its main theme is supported by traditional geometric patterns. Some of main attributes of these paintings are double line border, abstract-like figures of deities, ornate floral patterns, bold use of colours and bulging eyes and jolting nose of faces of figures.
The various styles of Mithila painting include Bharni, Tantrik, Katchni, Godna, and Kohbar, which were historically painted only by women from the upper strata in caste system, who used to make them on mud walls on special occasions.
Mithila painting has been accorded the coveted GI (geographical Indication) status as it has remained confined to compact geographical area and skills have been passed on through centuries, but content and the style have largely remained same.
The Union Ministry of Culture for the first time had organised Madhavpur Mela in Madhavpur Ghed in Porbandar District of Gujarat under the banner of Ek Bharat Shrestha Bharat. Its purpose is to bring various parts of country especially the North-East, close to each other.
The four day cultural extravaganza saw vibrant cultural trail of art, dance, music, poetry, story-telling and folk drama from Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and other north-eastern states with an aim to integrate the rich cultures of two regions. It also witnessed for first time the magnificent performances from north-east, especially Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur.
Troupes from Assam performed Rukmini-Haran, a popular folk theatre of the region. Musical troupe from Manipur sang songs related to Rukmini in Khullong Ishei and Nat genŕe. Dance-dramas based on Rukmini-Krishna legends from Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur and folk dance of Idu Mishmi tribe from Arunachal were also displayed.
Madhavpur Mela of Gujarat shares its connect to Mishmi Tribe of Arunachal Pradesh. The tribe traces its ancestry to legendary King Bhishmak and through him to his daughter Rukmini and Lord Krishna.
Madhavpur Ghed is small but culturally significant village. According to folklore, it is place where, Lord Krishna married Rukmini, the daughter of King Bhishmaka. Madhavpur lies on the seashore, close to Porbandar. 15th century Madhavrai temple marks the site. Madhavpur Mela is commemorated b cultural fair held every year, commencing on Ram Navami. As part of the celebrations, a colorful chariot carrying idol of Krishna circumnavigates village and festivities usually continue for five days.
Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat
It was announced by Government 31st October, 2015 on the occasion of the 140th birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. Its objective is to strengthen cultural relations of various parts of country and to embolden mutual connection between people dwelling in different in different states
It also aims to celebrate unity in diversity culture of nation and to bolster sentimental bonds between people of different states. It aims to strengthen sentiments for National Unity between citizens of states and states governed by union government by conducting various activities throughout year under this campaign.
All States and UTs will be covered under programme. Under it, there will be pairing of states/UTs at national level mainly for one year or till the next round of pairings. The pairings are being utilized for state level activities. There are district level pairings also that are independent of state level pairings.