Art & Culture Current Affairs - 2019
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Martyrdom Day of 9th Sikh guru, Guru Teg Bahadur was being observed on 24th November 2014. It was on this day in 1675, Guru Teg Bahadur had sacrificed his life in Chandni Chowk, Delhi on the orders of the sixth Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.
Events organised to observe Martyrdom Day of Guru Teg Bahadur
- In Punjab, main religious congregations were being organised at Anandpur Sahib in Ropar district where Guru’s head was cremated and in the Gurudwaras which are related to the memory of Guru.
- Community kitchens have been set up at many places. Devotees visited the Gurudwaras since morning and continuous gurbani recitation took place.
- A special journey known as “Rin Uttar Yatra’ to pay gratitude to great guru has started from Anandpur Sahib, Rupnagar district, Punjab on 23rd November 2014 and it will conclude at Gurudwara Sis Ganj Delhi.
- Seminars were organized at many places in Punjab and Haryana by the Sikh scholars to apprise younger generation about guru’s sacrifice.
About Guru Tegh Bahadur
Guru Teg Bahadur is also known as Hind Di Chadder– Protector of India. He had sacrificed his life for the unity of the society of that period and to stop religious tyranny under the rule of sixth Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. He became the 9th Guru of Sikhs on 16 April 1664, a position earlier occupied by his grand-nephew, Guru Har Krishan.
He had travelled in different parts of the country, including Dhaka and Assam, to preach the teachings of Guru Nanak, the first Sikh guru. Guru Tegh Bahadur was executed on the orders of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi for resisting the forced conversions of Hindus in Kashmir.
Chhatpuja is an ancient festival celebrated by Hindus and Jains alike. It is believed to be the only Vedic Festival dedicated to the Hindu Sun God, Surya, and Chhathi Maiya, a Vedic Goddess. The Chhat Puja is performed to thank the Sun God for sustaining life and providing energy. The worshippers request the Sun God for prosperity and progress. People also invoke Chhathi Maiya, also known as Usha in the Vedas. She is believed to be the consort or wife of the Sun God. People pray to her asking for salvation.
Worshippers pray to the Gods, perform religious rituals and make offerings to the Gods. It is also customary to undergo a fast and bathe in the Ganges. All the rituals are observed over a span of four days. The Chhat Puja rituals find mention in the Mahabharata.
The festival is observed most diligently in Bihar, Jharkhand, Eastern UP and the Terai regions of Nepal. The day of Chhath Puja is a public holiday in Delhi.