Awards Current Affairs 2018

Awards and Honours in Current Affairs 2018 with latest winners of various awards in India and world. Current Affairs list of awards and prize won in India and world for 2018.

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

PM Narendra Modi conferred UNEP Champions of Earth Award 2018

Prime Minister Narendra Modi was conferred with United Nation’s Champions of the Earth Award 2018 by UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres at ceremony in Delhi. He is among the six winners who received this award. PM Modi was jointly awarded this award along with French President Emmanuel Macron under the ‘Political Leadership’ category for their work in championing International Solar Alliance (ISA) and promoting new areas of cooperation on environmental action. PM Modi is third Indian to receive this award after Tulsi Tanti, Chairman of the Suzlon Group, and Afroz Alam, a lawyer who led clean-up at Mumbai’s Versova beach.

Cochin International Airport also received Champions of Earth Award 2018 for ‘Entrepreneurial Vision and for its leadership in the use of sustainable energy. It is world’s first fully solar-powered airport.

Champions of Earth Award

It is UN’s highest environmental recognition celebrating exceptional figures from public and private sectors and from civil society, whose actions have had transformative positive impact on the environment. It was established in 2005 by United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment). This award programme is successor to UNEP’s Global 500 Roll of Honour. The award is presented in five categories – Lifetime Achievement, Policy Leadership,  Entrepreneurial Vision, Action and Inspiration and Science & Innovation.  Since its inception thirteen years ago, the awards have recognized 84 laureates.

Past laureates include: Afroz Shah, who led world’s largest beach cleanup (2016), Rwandan President Paul Kagame (2016), Ocean Cleanup CEO Boyan Slat (2014), scientist-explorer Bertrand Piccard, developer of Google Earth Brian McClendon (2013), and former US Vice-President Al Gore (2007).

 

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Arthur Ashkin, Gerard Mourou and Donna Strickland win 2018 Nobel Physics Prize

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has selected three scientists Arthur Ashkin (USA), Gerard Mourou (France) and Donna Strickland (Canada) for the 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics. They were selected for groundbreaking inventions in the field of laser physics. Arthur Ashkin (91) received the half prize and remaining half was shared equally by Gérard Mourou and Donna Strickland.

Arthur Ashkin: He is 96 years old which makes him oldest scientist ever to be awarded a Nobel Prize. He received prize for optical tweezers and their application to biological systems. His optical tweezers are able to grab particles, atoms, viruses and other living cells with their laser beam fingers, allowing use of radiation pressure of light to move physical objects.

Gerard Mourou and Donna Strickland: They were jointly awarded for their method of generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses. They have created ultrashort high-intensity laser pulses without destroying amplifying material, thus paving way towards shortest and most intense laser pulses ever created by mankind. Their innovative technique is known as ‘chirped pulse amplification’ (CPA), has now become standard for high-intensity lasers, including ultra-sharp beams used in corrective eye surgeries.

Note: With this, Strickland (59) became third woman to have received Nobel Prize in Physics, after Marie Curie in 1903 and Maria Goeppert Mayer in 1963.

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