Awards Current Affairs 2018

Dr B.K. Misra named for 2018 Dr B.C. Roy National Award as eminent medical person of the year

Mumbai-based eminent neurosurgeon Dr B.K. Misra was named for prestigious Dr B.C. Roy National Award for year 2018 as Eminent Medical Person of the Year. It is highest medical honour of India and will be bestowed upon him by President Ram Nath Kovind in July 1 , 2019 on the occasion of National Doctors Day.

Dr B.K. Misra

Misra is the Head of Department of Surgery as well as Neurosurgery and Gamma Knife Radiosurgery at Mumbai’s P.D. Hinduja Hospital. During his medical career, he has several firsts to his credit, including image guided aneurysm microsurgery, first doctor in South Asia to perform gamma knife radiosurgery and first in country to perform awake craniotomy for brain tumours.

B C Roy Award

BC Roy Award is the highest recognition for medical practitioners in India. It was instituted by Medical Council of India (MCI) in 1976 in memory of renowned physician and former West Bengal Chief Minister Dr Bidhan Chandra Roy. The award is bestowed annually six categories viz. statesmanship of the Highest Order in India, eminent medical person, medical man-cum-statesman, eminent person in philosophy, eminent person in arts and eminent person in Science.

Bidhan Roy

Bidhan Roy was was physician, educationist, philanthropist, freedom fighter and politician.  He had served as the Chief Minister of West Bengal from 1948 until his death in 1962. He is often considered founder of modern West Bengal due to his key role in founding of several institutions and five eminent cities, Durgapur, Kalyani, Bidhannagar, Ashokenagar and Habra in West Bengal.

He is one of the few people in history to have obtained F.R.C.S. and M.R.C.P. degrees (they are higher medical degrees) simultaneously. National Doctors’ Day is celebrated in his memory every year on July 1 in India. He was awarded India’s highest civilian honour Bharat Ratna in February 1961. He was also the member of the Brahmo Samaj founded by social reformist Raja Ram Mohun Roy.

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Former Army General Dalbir Singh Suhag awarded Legion of Merit by US Government

United States Government has awarded Legion of Merit (Degree of Commander) to General Dalbir Singh Suhag (Retired) of Indian Army. The award was given to Singh for his exceptionally meritorious service as Chief of Army Staff (CoAS) from August 2014 to December 2016. With this, he becomes second Indian to get this award, first being General Rajendrasinghji Jadeja in 1946.

Key Facts

The award commended his leadership for Indian Army’s counterinsurgency and counterterrorism operations and its humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HADR) during Nepal earthquake in 2015. He was also lauded for sustaining Indian Army contributions to United Nations global peacekeeping as one of world’s largest provider of forces to UN. Notably, India-US Army to Army bilateral engagements, improved interoperability and close functional cooperation expanded during Gen Dalbir Singh’s tenure as chief of Indian Army.

Background

The Legion of Merit to General Dalbir Singh was announced by US Government in March 2016 when he was in chair as Chief of Army Staff, with intention of conferring award to him during his official visit to US in April 2016. However, due to procedural delays in obtaining necessary government sanction for award presentation had resulted in this not being presented during his official visit. General Dalbir Singh subsequently had retired from service in December 2016.

Note

Article 18 (4) of Constitution (Abolition of titles): It says that no person holding any office of profit or trust under State shall, without consent of President, accept any present, emolument, or office of any kind from or under any foreign State.

Legion of Merit

It is military award of United States Armed Forces given for exceptionally meritorious conduct in performance of outstanding services and achievements. It is awarded to members of the seven uniformed services of the United States as well as to military and political figures of foreign governments. It is awarded in four degrees; Degree of Chief Commander; Degree of Commander; Degree of Officer; and Degree of Legionnaire. Its degrees and design were influenced by the French Legion of Honour (Légion d’honneur). US Congress Act (Public Law 671—77th Congress, Chapter 508, 2d Session) allows US President award to Legion of Merit personnel armed forces of friendly foreign nations for their exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services.

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