Constitution & Law Current Affairs - 2020

Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2019 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2019 preparation for various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Civil Services, CLAT, Judicial Services etc.

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Cabinet approves Aircraft (amendment) bill, 2019

The Union Cabinet on December 11, 2019 approved Aircraft (Amendment) bill, 2019 to amend the Aircrafts act, 1934. The main objective of the bill is to fulfill the safety requirements of International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).

Key Features of the Bill

The Bill intends to regulate the areas of air navigation. It enhances the punishment from 10 lakh rupees to 1 crore rupees for those failing to comply norms of Government of India. Also, the bill will enable three regulatory bodies namely Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS), Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) and Aircraft Accident Investigation Bureau (AAIB).

It will increase safety and security of air transport in the country.

Need

In 2018, the ICAO, a global aviation watchdog of the United Nations carried out a Universal Safety Audit Programme for India. The audit showed that the safety score of India declined to 57.44% in 2018 from 65.82% in 2017. The score was far less than Nepal and Pakistan. The audit was performed in air navigation services, aerodromes, aircraft accidents and investigations, ground aids, etc.

The world average score for aircraft safety set by ICAO is 65%. India’s score is far below the world average. With the successful implementation of UDAN scheme, the aircraft carriers and operators have increased. Therefore, it is mandatory to imply strict regulations to keep up the safety of the passengers.

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Parliament passes The Arms (Amendment) Bill, 2019

Parliament has passed the Arms (Amendment) Bill, 2019, which seeks to amend the Arms Act, 1959. Apart from introducing new categories of offences, the Bill also seeks to decrease number of licensed firearms allowed per person and increase penalties for certain offences under the Act.

Key Features of Bill

License for acquiring firearms: The Bill reduces the number of permitted firearms under Arms Act, 1959 from three to one (including licenses given on inheritance basis).  The Bill provides a time period of 1 year to deposit excess firearms with officer-in-charge of nearest police station or with a licensed firearm dealer as specified.  The excess firearms will be delicensed within 90 days from expiry of 1-year period.

Firearm License Validity: Bill also increases the duration of validity of a firearm license from 3 years to 5 years.

Ban on firearms: In addition to bans mentioned in Arms Act, 1959, the Bill additionally prohibits obtaining or procuring un-licensed firearms, as well as conversion of one category of firearms to another without a license.

Increase in punishment: Bill amends punishment in relation to several offences and increases the punishment to between 7 years and life imprisonment, along with a fine for: (1) dealing in un-licensed firearms, including their manufacture/procurement/ sale/ transfer/ conversion, (2) shortening or conversion of a firearm without a licence, and (3) import/ export of banned firearms.

The Bill increases the punishment for acquisition, possession or carrying of prohibited ammunition without a license to imprisonment between 7 and 14 years, along with fine. However, a court may impose a punishment of lesser than 7 years, with recorded reasons.

Adds New offences: The Bill adds news offences, which includes: (1) forcefully taking a firearm from police or armed forces, punishable with imprisonment between 10 years and life imprisonment, along with fine, (2) using firearms in a celebratory gunfire which endangers human life/ personal safety of others, punishable with imprisonment of up to 2 years, or fine of up to Rs.1 lakh rupees, or both.

Defines offences or Organised crime committed by Organised Crime Syndicates: Possession of firearms or ammunition by a member of a syndicate, in violation of Act, will be punishable with imprisonment between 10 years and life, along with a fine.  This punishment will also apply to to anyone dealing in un-licensed firearms (including its manufacture or sale), converting a firearm without license, or importing or exporting firearms without license, on behalf of a syndicate.

Defines illicit trafficking: To include trade, acquisition, sale of firearms/ ammunitions into or out of India where firearms are either not marked as per Act/ violate provisions of Act. Illicit trafficking is punishable with imprisonment between 10 years and life, along with a fine.

Tracking of firearms: Central government may make rules to track firearms and ammunition from manufacturer to purchaser to detect, investigate, and analyse illicit manufacturing and trafficking.

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