Constitution & Law Current Affairs - 2020

Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2019 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2019 preparation for various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Civil Services, CLAT, Judicial Services etc.

GoI sets up Consumer Protection Authority to implement Consumer Protection Act

The Government of India is to set up a Consumer Protection Authority in order to implement the Consumer Protection Act. The authority is to begin working from April 2020.


The Consumer Protection Bill, 2019 was approved the Parliament in 2019 replacing Consumer Protection Act, 1986. It aims to focus on rapid settlement of consumer disputes, strict penalties for wrong doings that include misleading ads by firms and adulteration.

The authority is being constituted to makes sure of the act is implemented in the right way.

Consumer Protection act, 2019

The act apart from working towards effective administration in settling consumer disputed, also brings E-Commerce under Jurisdiction. It also holds celebrities accountable for promoting wrong products. Under the act, the celebrities can be fined up to Rs 10 lakhs for their misleading acts.

However, the act does not punish the media through which such misleading content is being promoted. Strict actions shall be taken only on advertiser according to the act.

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22nd Law Commission of India approved by the Union Cabinet

On February 19, 2020, the Union Cabinet approved the 22nd Law Commission of India. The commission has been approved for a period of three years.


The 22nd Law Commission will consist of a full time Chairperson. It has four full time members. Also, secretaries from Department of Legal Affairs and Legislative department.

Law Commission of India

It is a non-statutory body that is constituted by the GoI from time to time. It was constituted in 1955 for the first time. Since then it has been reconstituted for every 3 years. So far, the Law Commission of India has submitted 277 reports.


The Law Commission will make recommendations based on the aspects of laws entrusted upon it. It will undertake research works and suggest reforms that are essential to enact new legislations.


The functions and objectives of the Law Commission are as follows

  • To identify laws that shall be repealed immediately
  • To examine the current laws in force and suggest ways to improve them
  • To respond to requests made by other countries in framing their legal system
  • To make measures that shall help to serve the poor legally
  • To revise laws to simplify them.

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