Constitution & Law Current Affairs - 2020

Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2019 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2019 preparation for various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Civil Services, CLAT, Judicial Services etc.

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Assisted Reproductive Technology Bill approved by Union Cabinet

On February 18, 2020, the Union Cabinet approved the Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) bill. The bill proposes to establish a national registry.

Highlights

The bill aims at setting up of a national board and as state board to implement a legal framework. The bill also proposes to establish a central data base of banks and clinics all over the country. It will help in identifying people that are involved in illegal embryo sale and trafficking.

Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART)

The ART is used to treat infertility. The technology works to remove an egg from a woman’s body and fertilize it with a man’s sperm to make an embryo.

Need

India has become a surrogacy hub for foreign couples. Also, there are unethical practices that need to be brought under legislation. The 228th report of LCI (Law Commission of India) recommended for suitable legislation towards the ART practices being followed in the country.

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Cabinet approves changes in Vivad Se Vishwas bill, 2020

The Vivad se Vishwas Scheme was announced by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitaraman during the Budget 2020-21. On February 12, 2020, the Union Cabinet approved to make required changes in the Vivad Se Vishwas Bill, 2020 in order to widen its cover over litigation pending in debt recovery tribunal.

Highlights

The amendment has been introduced in order to widen the scope of the scheme in debt recovery tribunal.

About the Scheme

The scheme focuses on tax payers whose tax demands are locked in multiple disputes. It is similar to the Indirect Tax Sabka Vishwas Scheme.

The scheme aims to resolve 483,000 direct tax dispute cases that are pending in various appellate. The scheme aims to release 9 lakh crore direct taxes that are locked up in litigation.

Vivad Se Vishwas Bill, 2020

The bill introduces a resolution mechanism through which an appellant can file a declaration. The authority (resolution mechanism implementer) will determine the amount payable within 15 days of the receipt of declaration.

 

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