Constitution & Law Current Affairs - 2019
Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2019 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2019 preparation for various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Civil Services, CLAT, Judicial Services etc.
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Lok Sabha has passed School of Planning and Architecture Bill, 2014. It was passed by a voice vote. This bill seeks to convert three Schools of Planning and Architecture (SPA) into centres of excellence and enable them to confer degrees on students.
The bill also proposes to set up a council for the SPAs similar to IITs and NITs to advise the central government on policy matters in the field of architecture and planning.
Its passage will benefit students of SPA Bhopal and Vijayawada who are still awaiting their degrees. In order to confer degrees, an institute has to be made a deemed university by an act of parliament.
About Schools of Planning and Architecture (SPA)
- The Schools of Planning and Architecture (SPAs) are a group of autonomous public institutes of higher education under Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India.
- At present, the SPAs lists three institutes located at Bhopal, Delhi and Vijayawada.
- They were established with the objectives of providing quality Architecture and physical planning education.
- The SPAs primarily offer undergraduate, postgraduate, doctoral and executive education programmes.
- SPA at Delhi was established in 1948. SPA’s at Bhopal and Vijayawada were established in 2008.
The Union cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given nod to for introduction of the comprehensive Anti-Hijacking Bill, 2014 in the Parliament. The Cabinet has also given its approval to ratify Beijing Protocol, 2010 of the UN body International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) to which India is a signatory.
Anti-Hijacking Bill, 2014 proposes
- Death punishment for the offence of the hijacking, where such offence results in the death of a hostage or of a security personal.
- Imprisonment for life and the confiscation of moveable and immoveable property d of persons involved in hijacking.
The current law, the Anti-Hijacking Act, 1982, which was last amended in 1994, will be repealed after passage of this new Bill.
It was felt necessary for providing death penalty award to perpetrators of the act of hijacking in the wake of the hijacking of Indian Airlines Flight IC-814 in December 1999.
It was also necessary to amend current Indian hijacking act after the incident of 9/11, in the US where aircraft were used as weapons.
The Anti-Hijacking (Amendment) Bill, 2010 was introduced in the Rajya Sabha in August 2010. It was introduced during the process of amendment of a global diplomatic conference on anti-hijacking which was held at Beijing in August-September, 2010.
Beijing Protocol: This Protocol has brought out new principal offences in hijacking. This protocol is combined with ancillary offences, enlarged the scope of ‘hijacking’, expanded jurisdiction and strengthened extradition and mutual assistance regimes in case hijacking.