Constitution & Law Current Affairs - 2019

Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2019 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2019 preparation for various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Civil Services, CLAT, Judicial Services etc.

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

Cabinet gives nod to Anti-Hijacking Bill, 2014

The Union cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given nod to for introduction of the comprehensive Anti-Hijacking Bill, 2014 in the Parliament. The Cabinet has also given its approval to ratify Beijing Protocol, 2010 of the UN body International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) to which India is a signatory.

Anti-Hijacking Bill, 2014 proposes

  • Death punishment for the offence of the hijacking, where such offence results in the death of a hostage or of a security personal.
  • Imprisonment for life and the confiscation of moveable and immoveable property d of persons involved in hijacking.

The current law, the Anti-Hijacking Act, 1982, which was last amended in 1994, will be repealed after passage of this new Bill.

Background

It was felt necessary for providing death penalty award to perpetrators of the act of hijacking in the wake of the hijacking of Indian Airlines Flight IC-814 in December 1999.

It was also necessary to amend current Indian hijacking act after the incident of 9/11, in the US where aircraft were used as weapons.

The Anti-Hijacking (Amendment) Bill, 2010 was introduced in the Rajya Sabha in August 2010. It was introduced during the process of amendment of a global diplomatic conference on anti-hijacking which was held at Beijing in August-September, 2010.

Beijing Protocol: This Protocol has brought out new principal offences in hijacking. This protocol is combined with ancillary offences, enlarged the scope of ‘hijacking’, expanded jurisdiction and strengthened extradition and mutual assistance regimes in case hijacking.

Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Orders (Amendment) Bill, 2014 passed in Lok Sabha

The Lok Sabha has passed the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Orders (Amendment) Bill, 2014. It was passed by a voice vote. The Bill seeks to amend the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950 and the Constitution (Sikkim) Scheduled Castes Order, 1978.

Amendments

  • The bill includes certain communities in the list of Scheduled Castes from Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, and Tripura. They are
  1. Kerala: Pulluvan, Thachar (other than ‘Carpenter’).
  2. Madhya Pradesh:
  3. Odisha: Amata, Amath, Bajia, Jaggili, Jagli, Buna Pano.
  4. Tripura: Chamar-Rohidas, Chamar-Ravidas, Dhobi, Jhalo-Malo.
  • This amendment Bill removes a Majhi (Nepali) community from the list of Scheduled Castes in Sikkim.

The bill was first tabled in 2012 but lapsed after the previous Lok Sabha was dissolved and the NDA government again had introduced it August, 2014 in Lok Sabha.