Constitution & Law Current Affairs - 2020

Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2019 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2019 preparation for various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Civil Services, CLAT, Judicial Services etc.

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Union Cabinet approves amendments to the Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973

Union Cabinet gave its approval for the amendment of the Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973. Decision in this regard was taken by Union Cabinet meeting chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

The approved amendments in parent act aims at improving the quality of homeopathy education in the country to provide better healthcare through the homeopathy system of medicine.

The amendments will add provisions related to granting permission by Union Government to all homoeopathic medical colleges for continuing courses to impart quality education.

Amendments approved

  • Union Government’s permission is being made mandatory for all the homoeopathy colleges to undertake annual admissions.
  • Union Government can give permission for 5 years to homoeopathy colleges which conform to the prescribed standards as specified in the Act.

Background

The existing provisions of parent Act do not empower Union Government to stop admissions in existing homoeopathy colleges which are not conforming to standards specified in the Act. Thus, comprising the quality of homoeopathy education.

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Gujarat Legislative Assembly passes Anti-Terror Bill

The Gujarat Legislative Assembly on 31 March 2015 passed Gujarat Control of Terrorism and Organized Crime (GUJCOC) Bill, 2015.

It is third time this controversial Bill being passed by state assembly. Earlier, passed bill was rejected two times by the then Presidents in 2004 and 2008 for reconsideration.

Key facts

  • GUJCOC Bill, 2015 is a modified version of the original 2003 Gujarat Control of Organized Crime Bill. It still contains the provisions that had led to its rejection by Presidents in the past.
  • The bill aims to empower the law enforcing authorities to intercept and record phone calls as evidence.  It also puts the onus of proving the innocence on an accused.

Clause 14 of the Bill mentions that evidence collected through interception of wire, electronic or oral communication shall be admissible as evidence against the accused in the court.

Background

  • In 2004, the bill was passed for first time and was returned by then President APJ Abdul Kalam after he had objected clause-14. He had asked state government to remove the clause.
  • In 2008, the bill was again passed after clause 14 was deleted as per recommendation of President.
  • However, then President Pratibha Patil again rejected it and had suggested to eliminate the provision related to confession made before a police officer to be admitted in the court as evidence.
  • In 2009, the bill was again passed for third time without making recommended amendments and was sent for President’s assent. It is still pending with the President for assent.

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