Legal Current Affairs

Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2019 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2019 preparation for various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Civil Services, CLAT, Judicial Services etc.

President gives assent to Labour Laws (Gujarat Amendment) Bill, 2015

President Pranab Mkherjee has given his assent to The Labour Laws (Gujarat Amendment) Bill, 2015.

The Amendment Bill passed by the state assembly to amend 10 Acts dealing with labour laws including The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 and The Minimum Wages Act, 1948.

Key facts

  • The Labour Laws (Gujarat Amendment) Bill, 2015 was passed by state assembly to give impetus to industrialisation in state.
  • Ban strikes: Empowers state government to ban strikes in public utility services for upto 1 year for first time. This ban can be subsequently extended upto 2 years for any number of times.
  • Dispute Settlement: Add provision for out of court settlement between the labourers and management by paying certain fee to the government.
  • Redefine contractors: Amends the definition of contractor to include outsourcing agencies, which in some cases is government itself.
  • Payment of wages: Mandatory to be paid by cheque instead of cash for establishments employing 20 persons or more.
  • Empower employers to change nature of jobs of the employees without prior notice.
  • Lifts restrictions on sacking of workers and payment of compensation for industrial units located in Special Investment Regions (SIR) and National Investment and Manufacturing Zones (NIMZ) permitted under Special Economic Zones (SEZs).

President gives assent Maharashtra Factories (Amendment) Bill, 2015

President Pranab Mukherjee has given his assent to Maharashtra Factories (Amendment) Bill, 2015 of Maharashtra government to allow women to work in factories in night shifts

The amendment bill amends Section 66(1) (c) of Factories Act, 1948 to ease provisions related to working of women in night shifts in the state.

Key facts

  • The amendment of 67-year old Act also makes mandatory for factory managements to ensure security of women working in night shifts.
  • Prior to amendment, the section 66(1) (c) of parent Act did not allowed women employees to work in the factories in night shift between from 7 PM and 6 AM.
  • Apart from this, the amendment bill also enables workers to be eligible for paid leave after working for 90 days in a year instead of the current 240 days or more.
  • Besides this, the amendment also does not make mandatory for workers to take the management’s permission for working overtime.
  • In this regard, the amendment bill has increased the working limit to 115 hours from the current 75 in 3 months.

With this, Maharashtra has joined the list of 6 Indian states that already have allowed women to work in night shifts or are in the process of doing so. They are Rajasthan, Haryana, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab and Madhya Pradesh.