Bills & Acts Current Affairs - 2019
Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2019 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2019 preparation for various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Civil Services, CLAT, Judicial Services etc.
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Mohammed Ajmal Amir Kasab, the Pakistani National and the lone surviving terrorist of 26/11 Mumbai Terror Attacks, was hanged to death at the Pune’s Yerawada central prison on 21 November 2012 at 7:30 am in a top-secret operation. The hanging of Kasab came just a day after India voted against UN resolution for banning death sentence.
- It was the first time a capital sentence had been carried out in India since 2004.
- Following the advice of Union Home Ministry, the President of India Pranab Mukherjee rejected the mercy plea of Kasab.
- Pakistan government was kept informed about the execution through letter.
At the General Assembly’s Third Committee, which deals with social and humanitarian issues, India voted against the UN General Assembly draft resolution which called for abolishing the death penalty. 110 nations voted in favour of the resolution while 36 abstained and 39 countries voted against the resolution. The draft resolution expresses its "deep concern about the continued application of the death penalty and calls on states to establish a moratorium on executions, with a view to abolishing the practice".
India held that:
- Every nation had the "sovereign right" to determine its own legal system.
- The draft resolution sought a moratorium on executions. India could not support the text in its present form.
Counsellor Amit Kumar from the Indian mission to the UN held that:
- In India, the death penalty is exercised in the ‘rarest of rare’ cases, where the crime committed is so heinous as to shock the conscience of society
- Indian law provides for all requisite procedural safeguards, including the right to a fair hearing by an independent Court, the presumption of innocence, the minimum guarantees for the defence, and the right to review by a higher Court
- The President of India in all cases, and the Governors of States under their respective jurisdictions, have the power to grant pardons, reprieves, respites or remissions of punishment or to suspend, remit or commute the sentence of any person convicted of any offence
Amongst other nations that voted against against the resolution were Bangladesh, China, Korea, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Kuwait, Libya, Pakistan and the USA.