Constitution & Law Current Affairs - 2019

Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2019 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2019 preparation for various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Civil Services, CLAT, Judicial Services etc.

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Second National Lok Adalats across the country settles 1.25 crore cases

The Second National Lok Adalat was held across India on 6th December 2014 involving the Supreme Court, 24 high courts, districts courts and taluka-level courts.

These nationwide adalats settled nearly around 1.25 crore pending and pre-litigation cases and brought financial relief of over 3,000 crore rupees to ordinary litigants in a single day.

It was organised by the National Legal Service Authority (NALSA) and has helped to reduce backlog of cases by about nine percent in all the States.

Even in the Supreme Court, 28 out of 53 cases put up for settlement were disposed of and cheques were handed out at the time of settlement itself.

In the Second National Lok Adalat, the cases settled out of court included family disputes, matrimonial cases, motor accident claims, bank recoveries, petty criminal matters, revenue matters, disbursement of payment under the MGNREGA and other government welfare schemes.

About Lok Adalats

Lok Adalats (people’s courts) settle dispute through conciliation and compromise. The First Lok Adalat was held in Una city in Junagarh district of Gujarat in 1982. Generally, Lok Adalat accepts the cases pending in the regular courts within their jurisdiction which could be settled by conciliation and compromise.

The decision of the Lok Adalat is binding on the parties to the dispute and its order is capable of execution through legal process. No appeal lies against the order of the Lok Adalat.

First National Lok Adalats was held across the country in all courts on 23rd November 2013. It had settled a record 28.26 lakh cases pending in various courts.

Cabinet nod to amend Indian Trusts Act, 1882

The Cabinet has given nod for introduction Indian Trusts (Amendment) Bill, 2014. It amends the section 20 and 20A of the Indian Trusts Act, 1882.

This bill aims to provide greater autonomy and flexibility to trustees in taking investment decisions of trust money.  This amendment will enable the Central Government to notify securities or class of securities for investment by trusts and will remove the outdated provisions occurring in section 20 of the Indian Trusts Act, 1882.

Earlier, in 2009 then UPA government had introduced a bill for amendments in 2009, but the legislation lapsed.