Bills and Acts
Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2018 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2018 preparation for various examinations.
Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link
The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 – was passed by Parliament in May, 2012 to address the evil of child sexual abuse.
Definition of a child under the Act:
- The Act is gender-neutral and defines a child as any person below the age of eighteen years.
The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 provides:
- Precise definitions for different types of Child abuse crimes
- Stringent punishments
- Mandatory reporting
- Child-friendly procedures
- Under Section 45 of the Act, the power to make rules rests with the Central Government
- Qualifications and experience of interpreters
- Arrangements for care and protection
- Criteria for award of compensation by the Special Court
The rules rely on the structures established under the Juvenile Justice Act, 2000.
The second episode of Aamir Khan’s Show Satyamev Jayate on 13th May 2012 addressed the issue of child sexual abuse. The show brought forward shocking sexual offenses that adults have been committing on children. After few days, the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Bill, 2012 – was passed by Parliament in the same month of May, 2012.
The National Commission for the Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) and State Commissions for the Protection of Child Rights (SCPCRs) have been made the designated authority to monitor the implementation of the Act.
Savita Halappanavar’s death has led to a widespread protests in Ireland and a call to re-look at the abortion laws.
- She was 31 year old dentist originally from Belgaum, India who moved to Ireland in 2008.
- She died on October 28, 2012 in Galway, Ireland.
- Her death led to widespread protests, in Ireland, India, England and other countries and a call to re-look at the abortion laws.
- She suffered miscarriage when she was 17 weeks pregnant.
Her husband claimed that the University College Hospital Galway where she was admitted denied her an abortion because a fetal heartbeat was present, despite the fetus being declared nonviable. This led to septicemia (blood poisoning), multiple organ failure and her death. The fetal remains were eventually removed but too much time had passed.
Why she was denied abortion at the right time when she needed it?
- Under Irish law on abortion, and Offences against the Person Act 1861 abortion is illegal in Ireland.