Constitution & Law Current Affairs - 2019

Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2019 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2019 preparation for various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Civil Services, CLAT, Judicial Services etc.

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

Labour Laws Amendment Bill, 2011 passed in Rajya Sabha

Rajya Sabha has passed Labour Laws Amendment Bill, 2011 which simplifies labour law procedures for establishments employing up to 40 workers. This bill amends the Labour Laws (Exemption from Furnishing Returns and Maintaining Registers by Certain Establishments) Amendment and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1988.

The Amendment Bill, proposes to change the original Act of 1988 by

  • Increasing the number of laws under which small establishments are exempted from furnishing returns and maintaining registers.
  • Amending the definition of “small” establishments to cover units employing between 10 to 40 workers as against the limit of 19 workers at present.
  • The seven Acts that are added to the list includes
  1. Motor Transport Workers Act, 1961.
  2. Payment of Bonus Act, 1965.
  3. Inter-State Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1979
  4. Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1996.
  5. Beedi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966.
  6. Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Act, 1986.
  7. Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986.
  • The Bill also adds that the employer may maintain the returns filed and the registers on a computer, computer disk or other electronic media.

Background

  • The Act of 1988, defines “small establishments” as any place which employs between 10 and 19 people on any day of the preceding 12 months.  A “very small establishment” is a place that employs nine or less people.
  • Under it, these small and very establishments are exempted from furnishing returns and maintaining registers under certain labour laws.
  • Small establishments were also exempted from furnishing returns and maintaining registers under certain laws.
  • Under the Act of 1988, the establishments were required to furnish returns and maintain registers in a specified format.

Thus this Amendment Bill seeks to widen the earlier Act to more establishments and adds more laws from which these establishments were exempted earlier.

CBI Director Ranjit Sinha ousted from 2G probe

The Supreme Court has removed CBI Director Ranjit Sinha from 2G case investigation and ruled that CBI’s senior most officer will now oversee 2G probe after removal of Sinha from the case.

This judgment was given three members SC bench headed by Chief Justice H L Dattu and comprising justices M B Lokur, A K Sikri on a plea filed by NGO Centre for Public Interest Litigation.

However while ruling this decision the SC refused to pass an elaborate order on the issue saying that it would tarnish the image and reputation of the India’s premier investigative agency. After the court’s decision to ousted CBI Director from 2G probe, Additional Director of CBI Rupak Kumar Dutta will now head the CBI probe in the 2G spectrum scam.

R K Dutta is a 1981-batch IPS officer from the Karnataka cadre, and now he is the overall incharge of the Anti-Corruption Bureau (ACB) of the CBI which is probing the 2G cases.