Constitution & Law Current Affairs - 2019
Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2019 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2019 preparation for various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Civil Services, CLAT, Judicial Services etc.
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The Union Government notified Public Servants (Furnishing of Information and Annual Return of Assets and Liabilities and the Limits for Exemption of Assets in Filing Returns) Rules, 2014.
The Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) under Union Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions notified the rules under Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, 2013.
Under the new rules, it has been made mandatory for all Government employees to file declarations of their assets and liabilities and those of their spouses and dependent children.
As per Public Servants Rules, 2014
- The Government will issue new forms that will seek information on cash in hand, bank deposits, investment in bonds, debentures, shares and units in companies or mutual funds, insurance policies, provident fund, personal loans and advance given to a person or any entity, among others.
- The employees will have to declare motor vehicles, aircraft, yachts or ships, gold and silver jewellery and bullion possessed by them, their spouses and dependent children.
- The employees will have to furnish detail of their immovable properties and statement of debts and other liabilities on first appointment or as on March 31 of every financial year.
- These declarations are in addition to such returns being filed by the government employees under various services rules.
- The employees, who have already filed their declarations, information and annual returns of property, shall file revised declarations as on 1 August 2014, to the competent authority on or before 15 September 15 2014.
- The competent authority may exempt a public servant from filing the information in respect of any asset if its value does not exceed his or her 4 months basic pay or Rs 2 lakh, whichever is higher.
The Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, 2013:
As per the Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act 2013 which received President’s assent January 1, 2014, a Lokpal for the Union as well as Lokayuktas for the States will be established in order to inquire the corruption charges against Government officials.
As per this Act, a public servant shall furnish to the competent authority the information relating to the assets of which he, his spouse and his dependent children, jointly or severally, own. The Act also makes it mandatory for a government servant to declare his liabilities and that of his spouse and his dependent children, as per the Act.
The Supreme Court has issued notice to all states and Union territories on a plea for legalizing passive euthanasia. The apex court issued the notice on a petition filed with it, saying the question of passive euthanasia (mercy killing) needs a comprehensive examination as there was no authoritative judicial pronouncement on the issue.
A Supreme Court bench headed by Chief Justice RM Lodha, Justice Jagdish Singh Khehar, Justice J. Chelameswar, Justice AK Sikri and Justice Rohinton Fali Nariman issued the notice on a plea filed with it, saying the question of passive euthanasia (mercy killing) needs a comprehensive examination as there was no authoritative judicial pronouncement on the issue.
The Centre is strongly opposed to the idea of legalizing passive euthanasia as it considers it as a form of suicide which is an offence in the country. It is also apprehensive that if euthanasia is legalized, then it will be misused.