Constitution & Law Current Affairs - 2019

Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2019 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2019 preparation for various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Civil Services, CLAT, Judicial Services etc.

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Bangladesh nationals settled in India before 1971 are Indians and can vote: Meghalaya HC

As per a judgment by the Meghalaya High Court, Bangladesh nationals who have settled in Meghalaya before March 24, 1971 should be treated as Indians and they should be enrolled in the voters list.

The verdict was based on a petition filed by over 40 refugees, living Amjong village near the Assam-Meghalaya border in Meghalaya’s Ri-Bhoi district who were originally from Bangladesh, who were refused enrolment in the electoral roll and their citizenship certificates were seized by the district administration citing their citizenship as doubtful.

The court held that there was an understanding between the two nations as to who should be permitted to stay and who should be sent back to Bangladesh. It observed that as the forefathers of the petitioners entered India much before March 24, 1971 there was no question of deporting them now when they have acquired the right of permanent rehabilitation in Amjong village. The court dismissed the contention that they were Bangladesh citizens and directed the state government and the Centre not to disturb them, but to provide them proper rehabilitation. Earlier, the state government had contended that the petitioners and their forefathers were not permanent citizens and were rehabilitated temporarily by the autonomous district council.

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To know about the candidates contesting elections is a fundamental right of citizens under Article 19(1)(a): Supreme Court

The apex court held that it is mandatory for the candidates contesting elections to disclose information about assets and liabilities of even their spouse and dependent children failing which they can be disqualified. A person fighting elections is also under legal obligation to reveal information on his or her criminal antecedents and educational qualifications.

Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution makes it a fundamental right of the citizens to know about the candidates contesting the elections and this is the main reason that makes it obligatory to the candidates to furnish details regarding the criminal antecedents, educational qualifications and assets held by the candidate, his spouse and dependent children.

As per the court, at the time of filing the nomination paper, if a candidate leaves blank any column seeking information on criminal antecedents, educational qualifications and assets and liabilities, then it would result in disqualification by the returning officer at the scrutiny stage itself. If it is found that it is a case of improper acceptance, misinformation or suppression of material information, rejection in such a case can only be postponed for a later date.

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