Constitution & Law Current Affairs - 2020

Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2019 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2019 preparation for various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Civil Services, CLAT, Judicial Services etc.

Rajya Sabha passes Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Orders (Amendment) Bill, 2015

Rajya Sabha has passed the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Orders Amendment Bill, 2015.  It was unanimously passed by a voice vote.

The bill seeks to modify the list of Scheduled Castes in three states- Haryana, Karnataka, Odisha and one Union Territory- Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

Amendments

The Bill amends the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950 and the Constitution (Dadra and Nagar Haveli) Scheduled Castes Order, 1962.

The Bill adds the following communities to the list of Scheduled Castes:

  • Haryana: Kabirpanthi, Julaha.
  • Karnataka: Bhovi, od, odde, Vaddar, Waddar.
  • Odisha: Dhoba, Dhobi, Dom, Dombo, Duria Dom, Katia, Kela, Nalua Kela, Khadala and Turi.
  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli: Chamar.

Background

  • The bill was first tabled in 2014 but lapsed after the previous 15th Lok Sabha was dissolved. It was again introduced by the NDA government to end all kinds of atrocities against the Scheduled Castes in these states.
  • The bill was introduced in Parliament as per the provisions of Article 341 of the Constitution.

Article 341- It empowers the President to specify castes which will be deemed as Scheduled Castes through a notification. It also empowers Parliament to include or exclude castes from the list of Scheduled Castes in the notification.

Get these updates on Current Affairs Today Android App

India’s liability law will not be amended: Union Government

Union Government has notified that India’s Civil Liability Nuclear Damage (CLND) Act, 2010 or CLND rules will not be amended.

In this regard, a detailed paper titled ‘Frequently Asked Questions and Answers on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act 2010 and related issues‘ was released by Ministry of External Affairs (MEA).

This paper says that the foreign suppliers of the reactors cannot be sued for damages by the victims of a nuclear accident.

However, the suppliers can be held liable by the operator, who has the right of recourse that could be operationalized through the contract between the operator and the supplier.

Governments decision comes after the understanding was reached with the US, during President Barack Obama’s recent visit.

About Civil Liability Nuclear Damage (CLND) Act, 2010

  • CLND Act, 2010 was passed by the Parliament in August 2010.
  • This Act limits the liability of the operator in case of nuclear accident and secures the operator the right to recourse under certain circumstances and provides a mechanism to compensate victims of nuclear damage.
  • In November 2011 under the parent Act, Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Rules were notified. These Rules stipulate certain mandatory clauses for contracts that secure the operator the right to recourse.
  • It also prescribe the procedure to provide compensation to victims in case of nuclear incidents.

Get these updates on Current Affairs Today Android App