Constitution & Law Current Affairs - 2020

Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2019 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2019 preparation for various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Civil Services, CLAT, Judicial Services etc.

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Centre Welcomes SC Decision to Cancel Allocation Of 214 Coal Blocks

The Supreme Court (SC) has cancelled 214 coal block allocations out of the 218 that were under consideration. These allocations were made to various companies since 1993.

The Centre welcomed the SC decision and stated that its stand on the allegedly illegal coal block allocations was now vindicated. The government has been granted six months to ensure a smooth transition within which it will have to decide on the course of action to be followed.

The corporate world, however, was disappointed with the verdict with business leaders predicting decrease in domestic coal supplies causing supply disruptions and aggravation of the power crisis. It is also believed that this will dampen investor confidence.

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Collegium system set to be abolished as Congress supports new Commission

With the Congress and regional parties deciding supporting the NDA’s Constitution amendment bill to set up the National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC), the collegium system of appointing judges to the Supreme Court and high courts is set to become history. The new legislation seeks to replace the existing judges-appointing-judges system with a 6-member Commission.

Realizing the lack of numbers to stall the bill, the Congress decided to express its concerns while voting in favour of the bill. Congress objected to two provisions — giving “veto” to members of the Commission to reject names proposed for appointments and requiring unanimity in case a name returned by the President is reiterated. The party is of the view that these provisions would compromise the independence of judiciary.

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