Constitution & Law Current Affairs - 2019

Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2019 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2019 preparation for various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Civil Services, CLAT, Judicial Services etc.

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

Whistleblowers Protection Bill 2014: Passed by Parliament to encourage those disclosing information on corrupt public servants

The Parliament of India approved the Whistleblowers Protection Bill 2014 to set up a mechanism to encourage persons for disclosure of information on corruption or willful misuse of power by public servants. The bill also seeks to provide punishment for false or frivolous complaints. Recently, the Rajya Sabha gave its nod to the bill without any amendment after keeping it pending  for more than two years. The Lok Sabha had passed the bill in 2011. 

About Whistle-blowers Protection Bill 2014
  • Objective: To provide and protect mechanism, methodologies to encourage the person for reporting any such corruption activities or any misuse of power by a bureaucrats or government officer.
  • Will provide an adequate protection to persons reporting corruption or wilful misuse of discretion which causes demonstrable loss to the government or commission of a criminal offence by a public servant.
  • Sets the procedure to inquire into the disclosures and provides adequate safeguards against victimisation of the whistleblower. It will also seek to provide punishment for false or frivolous complaints. 

Note: The bill would create a legal framework to investigate and prosecute cases of corruption involving government officials.

SC: People from any religious background are free to adopt child

The Supreme Court ruled that people are free to adopt children irrespective of their religious background. The move paved the way for adoption of child by persons hailing from Muslim community even though it is not allowed under their personal law. 

The bench headed by Chief Justice P Sathasivam stated that the

  • Law entitles adoption by people belonging to any religion and any person, who does not submit himself to personal law, can adopt a child.
  • Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act is a small step towards the concept of Uniform Civil Code mentioned in Article 44 of the Constitution of India.
  • Act does not mandate any compulsive action by any prospective parent leaving such person with the liberty of accessing the provisions of the Act, if he so desires.
  • Act is an enabling legislation that gives a prospective parent the option of adopting an eligible child by following due procedure.

The SC judgment came on petition filed by activist Ms. Shabnam Hashmi who had approached the apex court after being refused permission to adopt.