Constitution & Law Current Affairs - 2019
Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2019 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2019 preparation for various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Civil Services, CLAT, Judicial Services etc.
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The Supreme Court ruled that people are free to adopt children irrespective of their religious background. The move paved the way for adoption of child by persons hailing from Muslim community even though it is not allowed under their personal law.
The bench headed by Chief Justice P Sathasivam stated that the
- Law entitles adoption by people belonging to any religion and any person, who does not submit himself to personal law, can adopt a child.
- Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act is a small step towards the concept of Uniform Civil Code mentioned in Article 44 of the Constitution of India.
- Act does not mandate any compulsive action by any prospective parent leaving such person with the liberty of accessing the provisions of the Act, if he so desires.
- Act is an enabling legislation that gives a prospective parent the option of adopting an eligible child by following due procedure.
The SC judgment came on petition filed by activist Ms. Shabnam Hashmi who had approached the apex court after being refused permission to adopt.
Odisha Legislative Assembly passed the Odisha Lokayukta Bill 2014, with provision of keeping Chief Minister, ex-Chief Ministers, other ministers and public servants under the purview of a six-member anti-corruption panel.
Excerpts of the provisions of the Odisha Lokayukta Bill 2014
- Members of the anti-corruption watchdog panel: The head of the panel and two members will be from judicial background while three others will be non-judicial members. From among three non-judicial members one would be women or scheduled caste, scheduled tribe or minority category on rotation basis.
- Minimum age of Lokayukta: 50 years.
- The Lokayukta will be chosen by a selection committee headed by the Chief Minister and comprising others including the Leader of the Opposition, speaker of Odisha assembly, Chief Justice of Odisha High Court or a judge nominated by him and an eminent jurist nominated by the Governor.
- The chairman of the Lokayukta would be appointed by the Governor on the recommendation of the selection committee.
- Lokayukta can inquire or direct an inquiry into any corruption related matters in the state.
- Removal and suspension of the chairperson and members of Lokayukta: they can be removed by the order of the Governor on the ground of misbehaviour. Before doing so, the Governor is required to refer the petition signed by at least 25 MLAs to the Orissa High Court.
- Under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 viz. Present chief minister, members of his council of ministers, former chief ministers and ministers, MLAs, chairpersons of municipalities, panchayat samitis, secretaries, directors and chairpersons of various government-run boards and corporations, contractors, supplying agencies, procurement farms, outsourcing agencies and non-governmental organizations receiving public funds, etc, would come under the purview of the Lokayukta.
- Penalty for those making false complaint: Imprisonment up to one year with fine which may extend up to Rs 1 lakh.
Note: Odisha became the first state to enact the law after the Central Act was passed in Parliament in December 2013.