Constitution & Law Current Affairs - 2019
Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2019 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2019 preparation for various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Civil Services, CLAT, Judicial Services etc.
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Informing the Supreme Court, the Centre stated that securing Aadhaar cards is optional and not mandatory.
What is voluntary/mandatory issue with the Aadhaar cards?
A number of pleas have been made in the apex court against decisions of some States to make Aadhaar cards mandatory for a range of activities including salary, Provident Fund disbursals and marriage and property registrations. However, the Centre maintains that Aadhaar Cards are voluntary and not compulsory. Despite the fact that the Aadhaar card is “voluntary” in nature, an order has been issued by the Registrar of the Bombay High Court in pursuance of an order of the Maharashtra Government that it would be necessary for disbursal of salary of judges and staff also.
As per petitioners, the Aadhaar scheme is complete infraction of Fundamental Rights under Articles 14 (right to equality) and 21 (right to life and liberty). Recently, the Maharashtra Government made Aadhaar mandatory for purposes such as registration of marriages and others.
However, the Centre holds that the consent of an individual is indispensable for Aadhaar and it has been launched to promote inclusion and benefits of the marginalised sections of society that has no formal identity proof.
Do not issue Aadhaar cards to illegal immigrants
The Government has been asked by the apex court not to issue the cards to illegal immigrants and not set them as a pre-condition for availing welfare schemes.
President’s assent to Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and Their Rehabilitation Bill, 2013
The Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and Their Rehabilitation Bill, 2013 has received the assent of the President of India. It has now been published in the Gazette of India on September 19, 2013.
What are the key points in the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Bill 2012?
According to the Bill:
- The employment of manual scavengers, the manual cleaning of sewers and septic tanks without protective equipment, and the construction of insanitary latrines is prohibited.
- It provides for rehabilitation of manual scavengers and their alternative employment.
- Each local authority, cantonment board and railway authority is responsible for surveying insanitary latrines within its jurisdiction. They shall also construct a number of sanitary community latrines.
- Each occupier of insanitary latrines shall be responsible for converting or demolishing the latrine at his own cost. If he fails to do so, the local authority shall convert the latrine and recover the cost from him.
- The implementing authorities shall be District Magistrate and the local authority.
- Offences under the Bill shall be cognizable and non-bailable, and may be tried summarily.