Constitution & Law Current Affairs - 2020

Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2019 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2019 preparation for various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Civil Services, CLAT, Judicial Services etc.

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NGT issues notice to Ministry of Environment on idol immersion

The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has issued a notice to the Ministry of Environment & Forest and Ministry of Water Resources regarding immersions of idols in rivers and water bodies of the country.

The notice has been issued following a petition filed to the NGT by an environmentalist Subhas Datta demanding a “uniform, practical, pragmatic” and well-accepted “standard operating procedure” for immersions.

The petition seeks a high powered committee/apex body like the NGT to monitor immersions in the country. The petition also suggests that while coming up with a standard operating procedure for immersion of idols, opinions and suggestions from religious gurus, environmental experts, social activists and scientists be taken.

The petition points to a recent order passed by the Allahabad High Court, which has imposed a “complete ban on immersion of idols in Ganga”, and questions how the practice can be permitted in West Bengal where the number of immersions is much higher than in Uttar Pradesh.

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Gauhati HC quashes 1963 resolution on CBI formation

The Gauhati High Court has set aside the Union Home Ministry resolution by which the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) was formed in 1963. As per the court, the CBI was neither an organ nor part of the Delhi Special Police Establishment (DPSE) and thus could not be treated as a “police force” constituted under the DSPE Act.

While the court did not declare the DSPE Act, 1946 an invalid legislation, it held that the CBI was neither an organ nor part of the DSPE and the CBI couldn’t be treated as a police force constituted under the DSPE Act, 1946.

According to the court, the Resolution, dated April 1, 1963, was neither produced before the President, nor did it ever receive the assent of the President, therefore, the Resolution cannot even be termed the decision of the Government of India and the records show that the CBI is a newly constituted body and not same as DSPE.

What is Delhi Special Police Establishment (DPSE) Act, 1946?

DSPE Act, 1946 is a legislation which provides for the constitution of a special police force in Delhi for the investigation of certain offences in the Union territories, for the superintendence and administration of the said force and for the extension to other areas of the power and jurisdiction of the members of the said force in regards to the investigation of specific offences as mentioned in this law.

Origin of CBI:

The Central Bureau of Investigation was initially established as the Special Police Establishment (SPE) which was set up in 1941 by the Government of India. The functions of the SPE then were to investigate cases of bribery and corruption in transactions with the War & Supply Deptt. of India during World War II. Even after the end of the War, the need for a Central Government agency to investigate cases of bribery and corruption by Central Government employees was felt. The Delhi Special Police Establishment Act was therefore brought into force in 1946. The CBI’s power to investigate cases is derived from this Act.

  • In 1963, SPE acquired its current name Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) by a Home Ministry resolution dated April1, 1963, and the bureau was consolidated.

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