Constitution & Law Current Affairs - 2020

Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2019 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2019 preparation for various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Civil Services, CLAT, Judicial Services etc.

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Sale of ammonium nitrate brought under control in Delhi

Delhi Police has notified that by May 31, 2013, all traders of Ammonium nitrate will have to apply for a licence. With this, the buyer will have to furnish his identity and purpose before purchase of ammonium nitrate. However, schools, colleges, laboratories, clinics and hospitals are allowed to possess less than 5kg of ammonium nitrate but the area SHO must be informed.

Punishment on Violation: maximum punishment for violation is a life term.

Why this move?

In recent blasts ranging from the Delhi high court explosions to the Bangalore BJP headquarters, police have found traces of Ammonium nitrate which shows the possibility of its use in making explosives.

Note: Sale and usage of ammonium nitrate falls in the special category under Explosive Substances Act.

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Union Cabinet approves Amendments in the Parliament (Prevention of Disqualification) Act, 1959

The Union Cabinet has given nod to amendments in the Parliament (Prevention of Disqualification) Act, 1959 by introducing of a Bill in Parliament, namely, the Parliament (Prevention of Disqualification) Amendment Bill, 2013. 

What is Parliament (Prevention of Disqualification) Act, 1959?

Section 3 of the Parliament (Prevention of Disqualification) Act, 1959, which has been periodically amended, lists certain offices of profit under the Government of India or the Government of any State, which do not disqualify the holders thereof for being chosen as, or for being, a Member of Parliament. Sub-clause (ii) of clause (ba) of section 3 of the Parliament (Prevention of Disqualification) Act, 1959, exempts the Chairperson of the National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes from such disqualification.

What is need of amendments to this law?

  • The National Commission for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes was divided into two independent Commissions i.e. (i) the National Commission for the Scheduled Castes and (ii) the National Commission for the Scheduled Tribes by the Constitution (89th Amendment) Act, 2003.
  • Through this amendment Act, Article 338 of the Constitution was amended and a new article, namely, Article 338A was introduced in the Constitution. With the bifurcation of the National Commission for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, consequential amendments are required in sub-clause (ii) of clause (ba) of section 3 of the Parliament (Prevention of Disqualification) Act, 1959, so as to exclude the Chairperson of the National Commission for the Scheduled Castes and the Chairperson of the National Commission for the Scheduled Tribes from incurring any disqualification for being chosen as or for being a Member of Parliament. 
  • The Constitution (89th Amendment) Act, 2003, came into force from February 19, 2004 and therefore, it is proposed to give effect to the present amendment from the same date.

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