Constitution & Law Current Affairs - 2020

Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2019 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2019 preparation for various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Civil Services, CLAT, Judicial Services etc.

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CISPA bill on cyber security passed by the US House of representatives BUT will certainly be shelved by the Senate

As per the the chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation, the Cyber Information Sharing and Protection Act (CISPA) passed by the US House of Representatives recently will almost certainly be shelved by the Senate.  The White House has also stated that the president won’t sign the bill. President Barack Obama has threatened to veto the bill. The commerce representative held that the Senate committee is “working toward separate bills” to ameliorate cybersecurity, which are presently being drafted.

Why this controversy over CISPA?

  • Cyber Information Sharing and Protection Act (CISPA) if becomes a lawwill actually allow private sector companies like Facebook, Google, Microsoft, etc. to share the personal data of any person with the US Govt. and face no legal retaliations. Thus, Civil liberties groups have called CISPA a “privacy killer,” and “dangerously vague,” and warned that it may be in violation of the Fourth Amendment.
  • The aim of this bill is to facilitate US Government in inquiring the cyber threats or potential cyber threats.
  • But, CISPA could create a ambiguity in all existent privacy laws, permitting companies to share Internet users’ data with the National Security Agency (NSA), part of the Department of Defense, and the biggest spy agency in the world and that too without any legal supervision.

Timeline:

  • CISPA was passed by the House of Representatives by a 248-168 vote in April 2012, but terminated in political purgatory the US Senate did not pass this bill.
  • The advisers of President Obama suggested him to use his veto power against the bill on the bases that it lacked privacy as well as civil liberties precautions.
  • In February 2013, Mike Rogers reintroduced CISPA to the House of Representatives and it was passed again by the US House of Representatives on 18 April 2013.
  • The commerce representative held that the Senate will almost certainly be shelve the bill and the President will NOT sign the bill.

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Supreme Court cancels Karnataka’s all 49 mining leases

All 49 leases for iron ore extraction in category “C” mines in Bellary, Tumkur and Chitradurga districts of Karnataka have been cancelled by the Supreme Court. However, the Supreme Court has permitted resumption of activity in mines with lesser illegalities as recommendations made by Central Empowered Committee (CEC) since July 2011 on the mining issues in Karnataka. The CEC had categorized the mines in the area in three categories – “A”, “B” and “C”.

  • Category “A”: Mines in these areas have least or no irregularities.
  • Category “C”: Mines in these areas have maximum irregularities.

The Supreme Court, whilst admitting most of the recommendations made by CEC, held that unlawful iron ore mining on the Andhra-Karnataka border would continue suspended till the separation of boundary between the two states is finished. The unlawfulnesses referred to included unlawful mining activities, allotment of enormous quantities of iron ore at throw-away prices to private companies and an boost in rates at which iron ore was rendered to some other companies.

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