Constitution & Law Current Affairs - 2020

Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2019 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2019 preparation for various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Civil Services, CLAT, Judicial Services etc.

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Cabinet approves Pesticide Management Bill 2020

On February 12, 2020 the Union Cabinet approved to table the Pesticide Management Bill, 2020 in Parliament. The bill aims at making safe and effective pesticides for farmers. The main aim of the bill is to replace the Insecticides Act, 1968.

Key Features

The bill includes provisions to provide compensation when there is farm loss due to use of low-quality pesticides. The loss of farmers is to be paid using funds collected from the manufacturers. The information regarding the pesticides available in the market is to be made available in digital format. This will help farmers make the right choice.

Pesticides in India

Around 234 pesticides are used in India. Out of these 4 belongs to WHO’ Ia class pesticides, 15 belong to WHO Ib class pesticide. There are 76 pesticides that belong to WHO Class II pesticides. Also, only 40% of the pesticides used in the country are registered.

WHO classification

The WHO classifies pesticides based on the hazards created by them. They are as follows

  • Class Ia are extremely hazardous pesticides
  • Class Ib are highly hazardous pesticides
  • Class II are Moderately Hazardous pesticides
  • Class III are Slightly Hazardous pesticides

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The Direct Tax Vivad Se Vishwas bill introduced in Lok Sabha by the Finance Minister

The Finance Minister Nirmala Sitaraman proposed the scheme Vivad Se Vishwas Scheme in the Union Budget 2020. In order to implement the scheme, the minister introduced a bill in Lok Sabha on February 5, 2020. The main objective of the scheme is to

Highlights

The scheme aims to settle the pending cases on direct taxes. The scheme is very similar to the “Indirect Tax, Sabka Vishwas Scheme” introduced by the minister in her previous budget in 2019. The Sabka Vishwas scheme aimed to settle down the disputes related to service tax and excise duty payments

Key Features

The Vivad Se Vishwas Scheme aims to resolve 483,000 direct tax disputes. The scheme provides waivers on interest if the disputed tax was paid before 31st March, 2020. The scheme also increases the dead line to June 30, 2020 for those tax payers who have not paid their taxes by March 31, 2020. However, such taxpayers will have to pay 10% more tax.

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