Constitution & Law Current Affairs - 2019
Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2019 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2019 preparation for various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Civil Services, CLAT, Judicial Services etc.
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The Union Cabinet headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved the constitutional amendment which seeks to increase the powers of the autonomous councils in the Sixth Schedule areas of the Northeast.
What are the amendments proposed?
The Sixth Schedule of the Constitution provides for decentralised self-governance and dispute resolution through local customary laws in parts of the North East, mainly tribal areas. The amendments proposed are:
- Amendments to Article 280 to provide greater financial resources to the councils that administer the tribal areas of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura and enable them to undertake development works.
- The existing autonomous district councils would be renamed as autonomous territorial councils since the jurisdiction of the councils extends to more than one district.
- The devolution of the financial resources to these councils would be based on the recommendations of the finance commission.
- The amendments provide for the transfer of additional 30 subjects to Karbi Anglong Autonomous Territorial Council and Dima Hasao Autonomous Territorial Council in Assam.
- The amendments also provide for elected village municipal councils to ensure democracy at the grassroots level.
- The amendments empower village councils to prepare plans for economic development and social justice, including those related to agriculture, land improvement, implementation of land reforms, minor irrigation, water management, animal husbandry, rural electrification, small scale industries and social forestry.
The amendments are in direction of fulfilling the commitments made under tripartite Memorandum of Settlements signed by Government of India, governments of Assam and Meghalaya, United People’s Democratic Solidarity (UPDS), Dima Halam Daogah (DHD) and Achik National Volunteers’ Council (ANVC).
The Union Cabinet headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved the setting up of National Bench of Goods and Services Tax Appellate Tribunal.
Features of the National Bench of Goods and Services Tax Appellate Tribunal
The features of the Goods and Services Tax Appellate Tribunal (GSTAT) are:
- The National Bench of the Goods and Services Tax Appellate Tribunal will be situated in New Delhi.
- The National Bench of GSTAT would consist of President and comprise of one technical member from the centre and one technical member from the state.
- The National Bench of GSTAT will serve as a forum for the second appeal in GST laws and the first common forum for dispute resolution between Centre and States.
- The first appeal against the decisions of the Appellate Authorities under the Central and State GST Acts lie before the National Bench.
- National Bench of GSTAT will ensure uniformity in redressal of disputes arising under GST, and therefore, in the implementation of GST across the country.
Provisions for the National Bench of the Goods and Services Tax Appellate Tribunal
Chapter XVIII of the CGST Act provides for the Appeal and Review Mechanism for dispute resolution under the GST.
Section 109 of Chapter XVIII Chapter of CGST Act empowers the Central Government to constitute an Appellate Tribunal known as the Goods and Services Tax Appellate Tribunal for hearing on the recommendation of Council, by notification, with effect from such date as may be specified therein on the recommendation of GST Council.