Constitution & Law Current Affairs - 2020

Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2019 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2019 preparation for various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Civil Services, CLAT, Judicial Services etc.

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The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020 approved by Cabinet

On January 29, 2020, the Union Cabinet approved Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020. The bill aims to amend the Medical Termination of Pregnancy act, 1971. The bill is to be introduced in the coming session of Parliament

Highlights

According to the proposal, termination of pregnancy is to be extended to 24 weeks. It was 20 weeks earlier. The extension is only for special category of women. It includes rape victims, survivors of rape and other vulnerable women like differently-abled women.

Significance

The bill is a step towards increasing access of women to safe abortion services. The months have been increased considering the advancements in medical technology. The amendments were proposed by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

First Legalization of Abortion

In India the Shah Committee was appointed to review the socio-cultural and medical aspects of abortion. It was this committee that recommended legalization of abortion for the first time.

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Cabinet: National Commission for Indian System of Medicine Bill, 2019 approved

The Union Cabinet on January 29, 2020 approved the official amendments to National Commission for Indian System of Medicine bill, 2019. The bill is currently pending in Rajya Sabha

Highlights

The amendments will introduce necessary regulatory reforms in the Indian System of Medicine Education. It will also enhance transparency and accountability towards the public. It will promote affordable health care services in all parts of the country.

National Commission for Indian system of Medicine (NCIM)

The main objective of establishing NCIM is to ensure adequate supply of skilled medical professionals and also increase ethical standards of medical standards of Indian System of Medicine.

NCIM bill, 2017

The bill facilitates maintenance of register of Indian systems of medicine. It also encourages interface between different medicinal systems. The bill provides periodic assessments of medicinal institutions. An advisory council for the system shall be constituted.

The bill also enables joint sitting of NCIM, council of Homeopathy and modern medicine at least once a year.

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