Constitution & Law Current Affairs - 2020

Summary of latest bill and acts passed or pending in 2019 in Parliament of India with their salient features and issues for Current Affairs 2019 preparation for various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Civil Services, CLAT, Judicial Services etc.

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National Commission for Homeopathy bill, 2019 approved by Cabinet

On January 29, 2020, the Union Cabinet approved National Commission for homeopathy bill, 2019.

Highlights

The bill is being introduced for the following amendments

  • To introduce reforms in the field of Homeopathy education
  • To enable accountability and transparency in protecting the interests of general public.

Current Legislation

The Homeopathy Central Council act, 1973 is currently governing the Homeopathy education and practices in the country. The act has been extracted based on the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956.

Homeopathy Central Council

The functions, regulation and powers of the council is very similar to that of the Indian Medical Council of India. The amendments are being introduced as there has been serious detrimental effects in medical education and delivery of Homeopathy health care services in the country.

The Council operates under Ministry of AYUSH. Also, it is one of the professional councils that have been constituted under University Grants Commission (UGC). The professional councils include AICTE, Bar Council of India, Medical Council of India, Veterinary council, nursing council, etc.

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Andhra Pradesh Cabinet nods to abolish Legislative Council

On January 27, 2020, the Andhra Pradesh cabinet cleared to abolish Legislative Council. It is to be noted that the Legislative Council stalled two bills that were passed by the assembly. It includes AP Capital Region Development Authority Repeal Bill and Decentralization bill.

State Legislative Council

Andhra Pradesh is one of the few states to have bicameral legislature. The states with legislative council includes Bihar, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh and Telangana.

Constitutional Provisions

Article 169 of the constitution defines Legislative Council. As of November 2019, there are 6 states with State Legislative Council. The members of the State Legislative Council are selected in the following way

  • One-third are elected from the local bodies such as Gram Panchayat, municipalities and district councils.
  • One-third are elected by members of State Legislative Assembly.
  • One-Sixth of the members are nominated by the governor
  • One-twelfth are graduates who have resided for three years in the state
  • One-twelfth are teaching professions.

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