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India highest recipient of Remittances in 2017: World Bank

According to recently released Migration and Development Brief by World Bank, India has retained top position as recipient of remittances with about $69 billion in 2017. India was followed by China ($64 billion), Philippines ($33 billion), Mexico ($31 billion), Nigeria ($22 billion) and Egypt ($20 billion).

Key Highlights of Migration and Development Brief

Global remittances: It grew 7% to US $613 billion in 2017, from US $573 billion in 2016. Global remittances are expected to grow 4.6% to $642 billion in 2018. It include flows to high-income countries. The stronger-than-expected recovery in remittances was driven by growth in Europe, Russia and US.

The rebound in global remittances was due to higher oil prices and strengthening of Euro and Ruble. The upsurge is likely to continue into 2018 on back of stronger economic conditions in advanced economies (particularly US) and increase in oil prices that may have positive impact on GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) countries.

Low-and middle-income countries: Remittances received by these countries in 2017 has reached US $466 billion in 2017. This was an increase of 8.5% over US $429 billion in 2016. India received $69 billion remittances in 2017 as against $62.7 billion in 2016. It had picked up sharply by 9.9%, reversing previous year’s dip (8.9% in 2016), but was still short of $70.4 billion received in 2014.

Remittances to South Asia: It grew a moderate 5.8% to US $117 billion in 2017 and it will likely grow modestly by 2.5% to $120 billion in 2018. Flows to Pakistan (received US $20 billion) and Bangladesh (US $13 billion) were both largely flat in 2017, while Sri Lanka saw small decline (-0.9%).

Global average cost: The of sending $200 was 7.1% in Q1 of 2018, more than twice as high as Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target of 3%. Sub-Saharan Africa remained most expensive place to send money to, where the average cost is 9.4%.

Transit migration: The transit migrants-who only stay temporarily in transit country, are usually not able to send money home.  Migration may help migrants to escape poverty or persecution, but many also become vulnerable to exploitation by human smugglers during transit. Host communities in transit countries may find their own poor population competing with new-comers for low-skill jobs.

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TCS becomes India’s first $100 billion IT company

Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), the country’s largest IT outsourcing company created history by becoming the first Indian company to reach $100 billion market capitalisation (m-cap) milestone. Market capitalisation is value of company that is traded on stock market, calculated by multiplying total number of shares by present share price. The Indian IT giant hit $100 billion in market capitalisation after it crossed Rs 3,447 per share, assuming the current value of the rupee at 66.2150 against the US dollar.

Key Facts

With this, TCS joined the ranks of the world’s 100 most valued organizations and now ranks 97th. TCS has also overtaken outsourcing and consultancy giant Accenture which has market cap of $98.20 billion. TCS holds first position among most valuable international pure play technology services firms. INTL Business Machines Corp. (IBM) has market cap of $133.48 billion, but it has both hardware and technology services operations.

Currently there are 96 companies which have market cap of over $100 billion. In 2007, Mukesh Ambani led Reliance Industries Ltd., the telecoms-to-energy conglomerate was the first Indian company to cross the $100 billion mark. Currently, its market cap is at $89.36 billion.

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