Business & Economy Current Affairs 2018

Latest Business & Indian Economy Current Affairs 2017 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Business and Finance Industry of India and world 2017 all important national updates in Banks and events for the year 2017.

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BSE, NSE get SEBI approval to launch commodity derivatives segment

The capital markets regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has allowed India’s top two stock exchanges BSE Ltd and National Stock Exchange of India Ltd (NSE) to launch commodity derivatives trading from 1 October, 2018. This approval is part of SEBI’s December 2017 announcement of having unified exchange regime wherein stock exchanges will be allowed to offer trading in commodities derivatives. By unified exchange regime  stock exchanges need not to set up different entities to offer commodity trading.

Key Facts

With this approval, BSE will begin trading in commodity derivatives with non-agriculture commodities like metals initially, followed by agri-commodities subsequently. NSE will launch its commodity derivatives segment trading in non-agriculture commodities in initial phase, followed by agriculture commodities, subject to SEBI approval.

Significance

Universal exchanges will help in achieving integration of trading in commodity derivatives market with other segments of securities market at exchange level. It will help in providing efficient price discovery, reduction in timelines, cost effective, user-friendly, robust risk management system and wider market penetration. It will help in creating deeper markets with lower spreads and exchange by enhancing competition across all categories of trading. It will offer greater convenience as traders will be able to trade all asset categories from single account. It may also lead to consolidation of cross-holding norms as mergers between exchanges of different categories appear attractive. In longterm, Indian exchanges will find it easier to compete with their global counterparts and they are present in multiple segments.

Terms

Equity exchange: It is market in which shares are issued and traded, mostly through exchanges. It is also known as stock market. It gives companies access to capital and investors slice of ownership in company with potential to realize gains based on its future performance. Stock or securities traded in the equity market can be either public stocks, which are those listed on stock exchange or privately traded stocks. In India, NSE and the BSE offer equity and equity derivatives.

Commodity exchange: It is market is mostly related to food, metals or energy derivatives that are important part of everyday life. Types of commodities in this market includes metals like gold, silver, etc., energy like crude oil, natural gas etc. This trading traditionally move in opposition to stocks, so they are used as significant way to diversify  portfolio beyond traditional securities. In India, MCX and NCDEX specialise in commodity derivatives.

Universal exchanges: In this market, any exchanges i.e. can capital market or commodity exchange can offer each products in equity, commodity derivatives, and debt and currency segments. By this stock exchanges need not to set up different entities to offer commodity trading and vice versa.

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IIP records 6.6% growth in July 2018

According to data released by Central Statistics Office (CSO), factory output measured in terms of the Index of Industrial Production grew at 6.6% in July 2018. This growth was on the back of good performance by manufacturing sector and higher offtake of capital goods and consumer durables. Besides, IIP growth for June 2018 was also revised downwards to 6.8% from the provisional estimate of 7% released in August 2018. The IIP growth in April-July 2018 period was 5.4% compared to 1.7% year ago.

July 2018 IIP

Manufacturing sector (Weightage: 77.6): It recorded 7% growth.

Electricity sector (Weightage: 7.9%): It recorded 6.7% growth.

Mining (Weightage: 14.3%): It recorded 3.7% growth.

Consumer durables sector: It recorded impressive growth of 14.4% as against dip of 2.4% in July 2017.

Capital goods production: It grew by 3% as against decline of 1.1% in July 2017.

Index of Industrial Production (IIP)

IIP is composite indicator that measures short-term changes in volume of production of basket of industrial products during given period with respect to chosen base period. It is compiled and published monthly by Central Statistical Organization (CSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI).

Base year: The CSO had revised the base year of the IIP from 2004-05 to 2011-12 in May 2017 to capture structural changes in economy and improves quality and representativeness of indices. The revised IIP (2011-12) reflects changes in industrial sector and also aligns it with base year of other macroeconomic indicators like Wholesale Price Index (WPI) and Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

Sector wise items and weightages: IIP covers 407 item groups. Sector wise, the items included falls into 3 categories viz. Manufacturing (405 items), Mining (1 items) & Electricity (1 item). The weights of the three sectors are 77.63%, 14.37%, 7.9% respectively. The combined weightage of eight core Industries in IIP is 40.27%.

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