Business, Economy & Banking Current Affairs - 2019
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The second advance estimates for the production of most of the crops for the agricultural year 2018-19 been released by the Ministry of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare.
Data on Production of Food Crops
Foodgrains – 281.37 million tonnes.
- Rice – 115.60 million tonnes. (record)
- Nutri / Coarse Cereals – 42.64 million tonnes.
- Maize – 27.80 million tonnes.
- Pulses – 24.02 million tonnes.
- Tur – 3.68 million tonnes.
- Gram – 10.32 million tonnes.
Oilseeds – 31.50 million tonnes.
- Soyabean – 13.69 million tonnes
- Rapeseed and Mustard – 8.40 million tonnes
- Groundnut – 6.97 million tonnes
Cotton – 30.09 million bales (of 170 kg each)
Jute and Mesta -10.07 million bales (of 180 kg each)
Sugarcane – 380.83 million tonnes
The report notes that cumulative rainfall during the monsoon season (June to September 2018) was 9% lower than Long Period Average (LPA). The cumulative rainfall in North West India, Central India and South Peninsula during the monsoon period has been overall normal and most of the major crops producing states have witnessed normal monsoon rainfall. As a result, the production of most of the crops for the agricultural year 2018-19 has been estimated higher than their normal production.
Tags: Agriculture • Coarse Cereals • Cotton • Crop Production • Foodgrains • Gram • Jute • Maize • Ministry of Agriculture Cooperation and Farmers Welfare • Mustard • Oilseeds • Pulses • Rapseed • Rice • Soyabeen • Sugarcane • Tur
The Union Cabinet headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved the Rs1,450 crore for the share capital of Reserve Bank of India in the National Housing Bank (NHB). The authorized capital of NHB stood at Rs 2000 crore of which Rs 1450 crore was subscribed by RBl.
Transfer of Ownership from RBI to Government
- The Finance Bill 2018 amended the National Housing Bank Act, 1987 to transfer RBI’s stake in the NHB to the government.
- The amendment was in accordance with the recommendations of the Narasimhan Committee. The committee had recommended the transfer of RBI’s stake in State Bank of India, NABARD and NHB to the government to differentiate the central bank’s role as the owner of banks and the sector regulator.
- Now the ownership of the NHB would be vested with the central government. This change in ownership will strengthen funding support to housing finance companies.
The transfer of ownership together with segregating RBI’s role as a banking regulator and as the owner of NHB will aid in strengthening the housing finance scenario in the country.
National Housing Bank (NHB)
National Housing Bank (NHB) was established under the act of parliament viz. the National Housing Bank Act, 1987 based on the recommendations of the Rangarajan committee.
NHB was set up as the apex institution for housing finance and operates as a principal agency to promote housing finance institutions both at local and regional levels. NHB provides provide financial and other support to such housing finance institutions.