Business, Economy & Banking Current Affairs - 2019
Business, Economy and Banking in Current Affairs 2019 with latest news and current affairs in Agriculture, Industry, Banking, Capital Markets, Import and Export and Government schemes in commercial sector.
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Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) and Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to assist and co-operate with each other for the effective implementation of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code.
Components of the MoU
- Sharing of information between the two parties.
- Sharing of resources available with each other to the extent feasible and legally permissible.
- Periodic meetings to discuss matters of mutual interest, including regulatory requirements that impact each party’s responsibilities, enforcement cases, research and data analysis, information technology and data sharing, or any other matter that the parties believe would be of interest to each other in fulfilling their respective statutory obligations.
- Cross-training of staff in order to enhance each party’s understanding of the other’s mission for effective utilisation of collective resources.
- Capacity building of insolvency professionals and financial creditors.
- Joint efforts towards enhancing the level of awareness among financial creditors about the importance and necessity of swift insolvency resolution process of various types of borrowers in distress under the provisions of the Code.
Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code
The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code provides for a time-bound process to resolve insolvency and it creates various institutions to facilitate resolution of insolvency. Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code consolidates and amends the laws relating to reorganization and insolvency resolution of corporate persons, partnership firms and individuals in a time bound manner for maximization of the value of assets of such persons, to promote entrepreneurship, availability of credit and balance the interests of all the stakeholders.
Both India and the US will sign an agreement to facilitate the exchange of country-by-country (CbC) reports filed by the ultimate parent corporations based in either of the countries.
Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) has been at the focus of OECD to address Tax evasion. Multinational companies were accused of gaming tax systems to maximise profits, while potentially depriving tax authorities of revenue.
To address this issue one of the measures adopted by OECD is Country-By-Country Reports. The Country-By-Country Reports requires multinational companies to provide information about:
- The name of each country where it operates.
- The names of all its subsidiaries and affiliates in these countries.
- The performance of each subsidiary and affiliate, without exception.
- The tax charge in its accounts of each subsidiary and affiliate in each country.
- Details of the cost and net book value of its fixed assets in each country.
- Details of its gross and net assets for each country.
Section 286 of the Income-tax Act, 1961 requires Indian subsidiaries of multinational companies to provide details of key financial statements from other jurisdictions where they operate. This provides the I-T Department with a better operational view of such companies, primarily with regards to revenue and income tax paid.
The proposed agreement will enable both India and the US to exchange CbC Reports filed by the ultimate parent entities of International Groups in the respective jurisdictions. As a result, Indian constituent entities of international groups headquartered in the USA, who have already filed CbC Reports in the USA, would not be required to do local filing of the CbC Reports of their international groups in India and vice versa.