Business & Economy Current Affairs 2017

Recommendations of Uday Kotak Committee on Corporate Governance

21-member Committee on corporate governance headed by banker Uday Kotak has submitted its report to the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).

The panel was constituted by SEBI in June 2017. It was given four months to submit its recommendations. In its suggestions it has recommended major overhaul of corporate governance norms for listed firms.

Recommendations of Committee

Separation of the roles: Roles of chairman and managing director at listed firms should be separated and chairmanship should be limited to only non-executive directors. Listed firms with more than 40% public shareholding should have separate roles of chairperson and MD/CEO with effect from April 1, 2020. After 2020, SEBI may examine extending requirement to all listed entities with effect from 2022.

Minimum board strength: It should be increased to 6 members and at least one woman should be appointed as independent director. At least five board meeting for listed firms should be held in year up from current practice of four meetings. Firms’ board should at least once a year discuss succession planning and risk management.

Independent Directors: At least half of board members to be independent directors at listed companies, while all directors must attend at least half of board meets. Public shareholders’ nod must be mandatory for non-executive directors over 75 years of age.

Shareholder meeting and cash flow statement: Top 100 firms by market capitalisation should webcast shareholder meeting and all listed firms should have cash flow statement every six months. It should be mandatory disclosure of quarterly consolidated earnings by listed firms.

Credit ratings: Updated list of all credit ratings obtained by the listed entity must be made available at one place, which would be very helpful for investors and other stakeholders.

Minimum remuneration: Independent directors must get minimum remuneration of Rs 5 lakh per annum and sitting fee of Rs 20,000-50,000 for each board meet. It should be mandatory for firms to seek public shareholders’ approval for annual remuneration of executive directors from promoter family if amount is above Rs 5 crore or 2.5% of firm’s net profit.

In case of more than one such director, same condition should apply for aggregate annual remuneration exceeding 5% of the net profit. The approval of shareholders must be required every year in which  annual remuneration payable to single non-executive director exceeds 50% of total annual remuneration payable to all non-executive directors.

Risk management and IT committee: Top-500 listed companies should have risk management committee of boards for cyber security. In addition, listed entities must constitute an information technology committee that will focus on digital and technological aspects.


Core sector growth rises to 4.9% in August 2017

According to Ministry of Commerce & Industry, eight core sectors grew by 4.9% in August 2017, the highest growth rate since April 2017. It was higher than 3.1% in August 2016 and 2.6% in July 2017

The growth was recorded on account of robust performance of coal, natural gas and electricity segments. But, growth in Crude oil, cement and fertiliser segments declined.

Key Facts

Coal production recorded 15.3% growth in August 2017, up from a low base of -9.7% contraction in August 2016. Electricity output grew by 10.3% in August 2017 from a low base of 2.2% growth in August 2016. Steel production registered 3% growth in August 2017, down from 16.7% in August 2016. Cement sector growth fell to -1.3% in August from 3.1% growth in August 2016.

Fertilizer output contracted by -0.7% in August 2017 as against 2.5% growth in August 2016. Natural gas registered a 4.2% growth in August 2017 from a low base of -5.9% fall in August 2016. Refinery products output stayed almost at same level with 2.4% growth in August 2017 as against 2.5% growth in August 2016. Crude oil production shrunk by -1.6% in August 2017 from negative growth of -3.9% in 2016.

Eight core sectors

Core industry can be defined as the main industry. In most countries, there is particular industry that seems to be the backbone of all other industries and it qualifies to be the core industry. In India, there are eight core sectors comprising of coal, crude oil, natural gas, refinery products, fertilisers, steel, cement and electricity.

The electricity has the maximum weight of 10.32% followed by Steel (6.68%), Petroleum Refinery (5.94%), Crude Oil production (5.22 %), Coal production (4.38 %), Cement (2.41%), Natural Gas production (1.71 %) and Fertilizer production (1.25%).

Healthy growth in core sectors have positive implications on Index of Industrial Production (IIP) as these segments account for about 40.27 % of the weight of items in the total factory output.