Places in News 2018

Places in news and current affairs for preparation of the Geography papers and map locations for UPSC Civil Services and State related examinations of 2017

Mumbai’s Matunga Railway Station enters Limca Records for All Woman Staff

Mumbai’s Matunga station on Central Railway (CR) has entered the Limca Book of Records as first all-women station in India. The station has total staff of 41 women.

The unique initiative to employ all woman staff was undertaken by CR General Manager DK Sharma in July 2017 with aim of empowering women. It also aims to create an environment for women where they can make all decisions of their own for their personal and professional well-being, organisation good notwithstanding.

Key Facts

Women staffers were posted across all departments, including for commercial and operations ticket checking, Railway Protection Force, announcers and conservancy staffers. Even it includes five-point persons, totalling 41, under charge of Station Manager Mamta Kulkarni who holds distinction of becoming first woman assistant station manager to be recruited by CR’s Mumbai Division in 1992.

Earlier records

In 1988, Indian Railways’ Mumbai region set new records in women’s empowerment with Surekha Bhosale-Yadav becoming first woman train driver on CR. In 1992, world’s first ‘Ladies Special’ suburban train introduced on Western Railway.

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Ahmedabad’s Walled City gets World Heritage City Certificate

The 600-year-old Walled City in Gujarat’s commercial capital Ahmedabad was formally accorded status of India’s first World Heritage City by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

In this regard, UNESCO Director General Irina Bokova handed over certificate declaring it as ‘World Heritage City’ to Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay Rupani in Gandhinagar. The status recognises heritage value of walled city’s unique heritage.

Walled city of Ahmedabad

The walled city of Ahmedabad was founded in the 15th century by Ahmed Shah of Gujarat Sultanate. It is situated on the eastern bank of Sabarmati River. It presents rich architectural heritage from sultanate period, notably the Bhadra citadel, walls and gates of Fort city and numerous mosques and tombs, as well as important Hindu and Jain temples of later periods. It has 28 Archaeological Survey of India’s centrally protected monuments.  The 5.5 km walled city area has approximate population of four lakh living in century old wooden residences in around 600 pols or neighbourhoods

Important Facts

The walled city of Ahmedabad is first city in India to get World Heritage City status and third in Asia after Bhaktapur (Nepal) and Galle (Sri Lanka). India now has total 36 World Heritage Inscriptions 28 cultural, 7 natural and 1 mixed site. India is second after China in terms of number of world heritage properties in Asia and Pacific (ASPAC) region, and overall seventh in world.

World Heritage Cities Programme

It is one of six thematic programmes formally approved and monitored by World Heritage Committee (WHC) of UNESCO. It aims to assist state parties in the challenges of protecting and managing their urban heritage sites.

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