Places in News 2018

Places in news and current affairs for preparation of the Geography papers and map locations for UPSC Civil Services and State related examinations of 2017

Hindon Elevated Road: India’s longest elevated road inaugurated in Uttar Pradesh

Hindon Elevated Road, India’s longest elevated road was inaugurated in Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh by Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath. It connects UP Gate to Rajnagar Extension and will make it easier to commute between Delhi and Ghaziabad.

Key Facts

The elevated six-lane road is approximately 10 kilometres-long. It is built on 227 single pillars. It was built at a cost of about Rs 11,000 crores. It reduces 1 hour journey by 18 minutes. It is estimated that around 4,000 vehicles would ply on this elevated road every hour. It will also make easy to reach National Highway (NH) 58 from NH 24 (Delhi-Meerut Highway). Its construction was started was started in November 2014 and took three years and four months to complete it. It has been built on Transit-orented development (TOD) basis, a type of urban planning that makes public transportation easily accessible to residential, business and leisure space.

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Krem Puri: World’s longest sandstone cave discovered in Meghalaya

The world’s longest sandstone cave named Krem Puri was discovered near Laitsohum village in Mawsynram area in East Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya. The cave is 24,583 metres (24.5 km) in length and is known for its complex cave systems hidden under its undulating hills. It was discovered in 2016 but its actual length was found during expedition to measure and map it by Meghalaya Adventurers’ Association (MAA)

Krem Puri

Krem Puri underground cavern is more than 6,000 metres longer than world record-holder Cueva Del Saman in Edo Zulia, Venezuela, a quartzite sandstone cave measuring 18,200 metres (18.2km). This sandstone cave is also India’s second longest cave in general category after limestone Krem Liat Prah-Umim-Labit system measuring little over 31 km in Jaintia Hills, Meghalaya. Krem Puri cave system also has fossils of dinosaurs, especially Mosasaurus, a giant reptile that lived 66-76 million years ago.

Background

There are whereabouts of more than 1,650 caves and cave locations in Meghalaya, of which over 1,000 have been explored or partially explored. According to official data, the northeastern state has 491km of surveyed caves and many more are waiting to be discovered. Krem in Khasi language means cave. Mawsynram is known as wettest place on earth for its record-breaking rainfall.

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