Places in News Current Affairs - 2019

Places in news and current affairs for preparation of the Geography papers and map locations for UPSC Civil Services and State related examinations of 2019.

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Facts Box: Ayodya Verdict

Supreme Court recently pronounced its judgement on disputed land in Ayodhya in the Ram Janma Boomi-Babri Masjid case. In 5-0 verdict of the 5-bench judgement, SC said that the land should be handed over to the Hindu trust to build a Hindu temple. It also ordered the GoI to allocate 5 acres of land to the Muslim community to build a Mosque

SC’s judgement was based on ASI’s finding. The case was the longest in the history of Supreme Court after Keshvanand Bharti case.

ASI’s findings

  • Under Allahabad High Court’s court, the disputed site was taken by the ASI for investigation
  • On the whole there were 2 excavations conducted at the disputed site. One in 1976 and the other in 2003.
  • ASI found a circular temple that belonged to 7th century
  • ASI said that the disputed Mosque structure was built in 16th century on top of the ruins of the building
  • ASI also found ruins of Buddhist and Jain temples at the site. They were dated after 7th century
  • Among the ruins ASI found the remains of Kushan and Shung period to Gupta period

The Upcoming Ram Temple

  • The current blueprint of the temple finalized by Vishwa Hindu Parishad resembles the original temple
  • A total of 212 pillars are to be erected.
  • The temple will be 128 feet high, 140 feet in width and 270 feet in length.
  • No steel is to be used in the mammoth structure.
  • 75 lakh cubic feet of sandstone will be used.
  • The temple will have 5 entrances.

World’s oldest known natural pearl discovered on Abu Dhabi Island

The oldest known natural pearl in the world was discovered recently off the coast of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE) by Abu Dhabi archaeologists working at a Neolithic site on Marawah Island. It has been dubbed as ‘Abu Dhabi Pearl’. It was discovered in soil layers that have been radiocarbon dated to 5,800-5,600 BCE, during the Neolithic period.

Highlights

Significance of this discovery: It gives proof that pearls and oysters were being used in UAE nearly 8,000 years ago. It also represents the earliest known evidence for pearling yet discovered anywhere in the world.

Previous Oldest Pearl: Prior to the Abu Dhabi Pearl discovery, the earliest known pearl in the UAE was discovered in Neolithic site of Umm Al Qaiwain. Besides, ancient pearls also have been found at a Neolithic cemetery close to Jebel Buhais, in UAE’s another province Sharjah.

Marawah Island’s neolithic sites

They were first identified in 1992 during a survey carried out by Abu Dhabi Islands Archaeological Survey (ADIAS). Subsequent excavations on these sites have shown them to include numerous collapsed stone structures, the earliest architecture yet discovered in the UAE. Aside from the priceless Abu Dhabi Pearl, significant finds from these sites includes imported ceramic vase from Ubaid civilisation in Mesopotamia (Iraq), beautifully worked flint arrowheads and shell and stone beads. Moreover, numerous painted plaster vessel fragments were also discovered, representing  earliest known decorative art yet discovered in the UAE.