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Places in news and current affairs for preparation of the Geography papers and map locations for UPSC Civil Services and State related examinations of 2019.
The Saffron cultivated in the Kashmir valley has received Geographical Indication Tag. It is to be noted that three other products such as Gorakhpur Teracotta, Kovilpatti Kadalai Mittai and Black rice of Manipur also received GI tag recently.
About Kashmir Saffron
The Saffron cultivated in Kashmir is long, thick and has natural deep red colour. Also, it has high aroma and is processed without adding any chemicals.
The colour of the saffron is unique due to the high quantity of crocin. It has a rich flavour because of safranal and the bitterness is due to the presence of picrocrocin.
What is special about the Saffron?
The Kashmir Saffron is the only saffron in the world that is grown at an altitude of 1,600 metres.
Where are Kashmir Saffron grown?
Kashmir Saffron is a world renowned spice and is grown in regions of Pulwama, Kishtwar, Budgam and Srinagar.
Types of Saffron
The Saffron is available in three types namely Lachha Saffrin that is simply separated from the flower and dried without processing. Mongra Saffron that is detached from the flower, dried and processed traditionally. The Guchhi Saffron that is dried and packed loosely in air tight containers, joined together in a bundle with a red thread.
Tags: Geographical Indication • Geographical Indication Registry • Geographical Indication tag • Geographical Indications • GI Tag
On March 6, 2020, the Jammu airport security was taken over by the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF). With this there are 63 airports under CISF at present.
The CISF is responsible for airport security at all commercial airports of India. Earlier the airports were under the control of airport police. However, after the hijack of Indian Airlines Flight 814 in 1999, it was handed over to CISF.
Jaipur airport was the first airport to come under CISF control.
It was set up in 1969. However, it was made an armed force in 1983. Recently in 2017, the GoI increased the strength of CISF personnel from 145,000 to 180,000. It operates under Ministry of Home Affairs. Apart from airport, CISF also guards seaports, industrial sectors, atomic power plants, oil refineries, thermal power plants, mines and other public sector undertakings. It also guards currency note presses.
There are 4 currency notes presses in India. Two operate at Nashik in Maharashtra and other 2 operate in Mysuru in Karnataka and Salboni in West Bengal.