Places in News Current Affairs - 2020

Places in news and current affairs for preparation of the Geography papers and map locations for UPSC Civil Services and State related examinations of 2019.

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Plan to build new Parliament Building

On December 21, 2019, GoI announced that the 9.5-acre plot opposite to Parliament building is to be used for the construction of new Parliament building. This officially confirms that the plan to build a new Parliamentary building is on. There were concerns and objections regarding the plan in the earlier stages.

The Government of India is planning to build a new Parliament House. Under the plan, a new Central Secretariat will be built for all ministries that are spread over many buildings across Delhi.

Highlights

In September 2019, the Central Public Works Department set massive project by issuing request for redevelopment of parliamentary building and for the development of new secretariat. The project will cost Rs 12,450 crores. The deadline of the project completion is fixed as March 2022 (75th year of Independence). The new building will have lifespan of 150 to 200 years.

Background

The Parliament House was built by the British between 1911 and 1931. After 1947, government of independent India added buildings like Krishi Bhavan, Shastri Bhavan and Nirman Bhavan. These buildings are not earth quake proof and do have modern facilities and space that are in need today.

History

The Parliament Architecture was designed by British Architects Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker in 1912. The structure includes hybrid architectural style namely Hindu, Roman and Saracenic.

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First SEZ in Tripura to focus on agro-based food processing

The Government of India approved the first SEZ (Special Economic Zone) at Sabroom, Tripura in October 2019. Recently, it was announced that the SEZ will primarily focus on agro-based food processing. Union Government is expected to invest around Rs 1550 crore in the project.

Highlights

The SEZ is to be developed by the Tripura Industrial Development Corporation. The SEZ will focus on rubber based industries like threads, tyres, bamboo industries, textile and apparel industries and agri-food processing industries.

According to SEZ rules minimum of 25 hectares of land is required to set up a new SEZ in the North Eastern States. However, at present only 16.35 hectares have been acquired from the state government and additional 10.99 hectares of land contiguous to the existing land is waiting for approval.

Significance

The SEZ is expected to generate 12,000 skiled jobs. The zone will attract more private investments as its location is nearer to Chittagong Port. Also, the access to the zone will increase after the construction of bridge across Feni river in South Tripura.

GoI also announced that 100% income tax exemption will be provided on export income for the first 5 years on SEZ units. The exemption is being given under Section 10AA of Income Tax Act. For the next 5 years, 50% exemption is to be provided.

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