Places in News Current Affairs - 2019
Places in news and current affairs for preparation of the Geography papers and map locations for UPSC Civil Services and State related examinations of 2019.
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The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has given nod to the set up of Information Technology Investment Region (ITIR) near Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.
Information Technology Investment Region (ITIR):
The project dedicated Information Technology and Electronic Hardware manufacturing will be spanned over 50000 acres and is projected to attract investment to the tune of Rs. 2.19 lakh crore over 25 years. It is expected to generate direct employment of 14.8 lakh and indirect employment of 55.9 lakh.
The feasibility of the project would be studied by the Union Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Union Ministry of Urban Development and Union Ministry of Railways.
Government of India has also proposed up-gradation of three key roads and extension of the Metro Rail from Falaknuma to Shamshabad International airport at total cost of Rs. 3275 crore.
The implementation of ITIR will be carried out in two phases. The Phase I will from 2013 to 2018 and Phase II will be from 2018 to 2038.
The CCEA had approved a Policy Resolution to set up Information Technology investment Regions (ITIRs) in different States and UTs in the country, to promote investment in IT or ITES and Electronic Manufacturing sector.
As per this policy, the State Government would play the main role in creating the ITIRs. The infrastructure would be set up or upgraded through Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) to the extent possible.
The Central Government will provide the necessary viability gap funding for external physical infrastructure through existing schemes. The Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY) is the nodal Department of the Government of India to process proposals relating to setting up of ITIRs.
Minister for rural development Jairam Ramesh clarified that with the enactment of Land Acquisition Bill acquisition of land for another major irrigation project like the Sardar Sarovar Dam would not be feasible. He held that enormous and major irrigation projects are no longer practicable as it requires large-scale land acquisition and displacements of habitations.
What is the controversy about Sardar Sarovar Dam?
The Sardar Sarovar Dam is a gravity dam on the Narmada River near Navagam, Gujarat in India. The dam took form in 1979 as part of a development scheme to increase irrigation and produce hydroelectricity. It is the largest dam and part of the Narmada Valley Project, a large hydraulic engineering project involving the construction of a series of large irrigation and hydroelectric multi-purpose dams on the Narmada River. The dam is one of India’s most controversial dam projects and its environmental impact and net costs and benefits are widely debated. The World Bank was initially a funder of the SSD, but withdrew in 1994. The project led to large scale displacement of tribal people inhabiting in the project region as well as damage to environment. The development of the project witnessed protests including Narmada Bachao Andolan. Land acquisition, displacement and rehabilitation of ousted families still remains a matter of conflict and dispute between the state governments and citizens.
Responding to difficulties faced by the state governments in implementing, some provisions of the Land Acquisition Bill, some exemptions have been made. These are:
- Land or compensation may be provided to the displaced family but not both. And land may be provided wherever possible. However, this exemption will not apply when the affected family belongs to the Dalits and tribals community. For SC, ST the government will have to provide land for land.
- Waiver has been given for conduction the social impact assessment process since the environment impact assessment asked all the relevant questions about displaced and affected families.