Places in News Current Affairs - 2019
Places in news and current affairs for preparation of the Geography papers and map locations for UPSC Civil Services and State related examinations of 2019.
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Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi was honoured with prestigious ‘Order of Zayed’, United Arab Emirates’ (UAE) highest civilian award at a ceremony held in Abu Dhabi (UAE Capital) for PM’s contribution in strengthening relations between India and UAE.
About Order of Zayed
The award in name of Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, founding father of UAE.
This award acquires special significance as it was awarded to Prime Minister Modi in year of birth centenary of Sheikh Zayed.
However, UAE in April 2019 had announced to confer country’s highest award on Modi. He was awarded as a mark of appreciation for his efforts to boost bilateral ties between two nations.
Other Awardees: It has earlier been bestowed on several world leaders which include Russian President Vladimir Putin, Queen Elizabeth II and Chinese President Xi Jinping.
UAE is India’s 3rd-largest trade partner with an annual bilateral trade of about $60 billion. It is also 4th-largest exporter of crude oil for India.
India and UAE enjoy warm, close and multi-faceted relations underpinned by cultural, religious and economic linkages.
Around 3.3 million-strong vibrant Indian community living in UAE nourishes vibrant people-to-people contacts between our two friendly countries.
In a landmark reform, Saudi Arabia has allowed women above 21 years of age to receive passports (issue or renew) and travel abroad without permission from a male guardian. Saudi Arabian Women have for long required permission from their male guardians (which includes husband, father and other male relatives) for these tasks. These restrictions have drawn international censure also.
Saudi Arabia’s Departments of Passport and Civil Status have begun enforcing amended Travel Documents Law and regulations, for the purpose of allowing women to travel abroad without permission.
In addition to this, mothers who have primary custody of their children can now also apply for passports and provide travel permission for their children.
This reform weakens the restrictive guardianship system that has long been a symbol of repression against women in Saudi Arabia.
Trigger: This reform comes after several high-profile attempts by Saudi Arabian women to escape alleged guardianship abuse were witnessed despite a string of reforms undertaken by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman regime.
Other reforms undertaken by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman includes-
A landmark decree in 2018 that overturned world’s only ban on women drivers.
In early August 2019, Saudi women were also granted right same as men, to officially register childbirth, marriage and divorce as well as to be recognized as a guardian to children who are minors.
Reform comes as OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) petroleum producer stumbles from low oil prices and seeks to boost employment opportunities for women who are currently facing chronic joblessness.