Places in News Current Affairs - 2020

Places in news and current affairs for preparation of the Geography papers and map locations for UPSC Civil Services and State related examinations of 2019.

National Cancer Institute Inaugurated in Haryana

Prime Minister, Narendra Modi inaugurated National Cancer Institute (NIC) at Badhsa in Jhajjar district of Haryana.

Prime Minister also inaugurated an ESIC Medical College and Hospital in Faridabad.  It is the first Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) Medical College and hospital in North India. It has 510 beds and includes the facilities of surgical oncology, radiation oncology, medical oncology, anaesthesia, palliative care, and nuclear medicine.

Fact Box

There are 6 existing ESIC medical colleges at Kolkata, Faridabad, Hyderabad, Chennai, Bengaluru, and Gulbarga.

About Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC)

  • It was established under the Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948(ESI Act) by the Ministry of Labour and Employment, Government of India.
  • It is an autonomous organization and it manages the funds of all employees earning ₹21,000 or less per month.
  • Employees’ State Insurance includes self-financing social security and health insurance scheme for Indian workers.
  • ESIC is operating many medical, dental, nursing and paramedical schools in India.

What is the purpose of ESIC Hospital?

Workers are generally exposed to sickness related to their occupation; they may even suffer from temporary or permanent disablement etc, which results in loss of their wages. Institutions like this negate the resulting physical or financial distress in such contingencies and uphold human dignity in times of crises.

Cancer Incidence in Haryana

According to 2018 survey, 38% of deaths due to cancer occur in Haryana. Some of the identified reasons are:

  • Rapid industrialization
  • Industries are disposing waste directly into the river without undergoing any sewage treatment process. This gives rise to air and water-borne diseases among which skin infection and cancer are most common.
  • Improper sanitation
  • Excessive use of fertilizers

The contamination due to the reasons listed above pollutes water by causing eutrophication (the phenomenon of a body of water becoming overly enriched with minerals and nutrients which induce excessive growth of plants and algae) and the consumption of this polluted water is resulting in cancer.

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Himachal’s First Mega Food Park inaugurated in Una

The Union Minister of Food Processing Harsimrat Kaur Badal inaugurated the Cremica Food Park in Una which is the first mega food park of Himachal Pradesh.

Cremica Food Park

The important features of the Cremica Food Park are:

  • The mega food park set up at a cost of Rs 107.34 crore will benefit people of Una district and nearby districts of Kangra, Hamirpur and Bilaspur.
  • The Mega Food park provides facilities such as bulk aseptic packaging (24 MT/ hour), Frozen storage (1,000 MT), Deep Freeze, Dry Warehouse, QC Laboratory and other food processing facilities.
  • The park has a common administrative block for office and other uses by the entrepreneurs and 3 Primary Processing Centers(PPC) at Solan, Mandi, and Kangra having facilities for primary processing and storage near the farms.
  • The mega food park at Una will leverage an additional investment of about Rs 250 crores in 25-30 food processing units in the park and generate a turnover of about Rs 450-500 crore annually
  • The mega food park will also provide direct and indirect employment to 5,000 persons and benefit about 25,000 farmers.

Mega Food Park Scheme

The Ministry of Food Processing is implementing Mega Food Park Scheme to give a major boost to the food processing sector by adding value and reducing food wastage at each stage of the supply chain with a particular focus on perishables.

These mega food parks create modern infrastructure facilities for food processing along the value chain from farm to market along with strong forward and backward linkages through a cluster-based approach.

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