Defence Current Affairs 2018

Defence Current Affairs of 2017, 2018 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters.

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First India-US tri-services exercise to be held in 2019

The first India-United States tri-services exercise is likely to take place in 2019 in India. It will include all services of both countries and talks are on to include special forces. US will second country after Russia with whom India conducts tri-services exercise.

Key Facts

The Indo-US joint tri-services drill was formally announced after first 2+2 dialogue between principals of External Affairs and Defence Ministries of two countries which was held in New Delhi in September 2018. The drill will focus on United Nations-based scenario and overarching mission of humanitarian assistance, disaster relief measure. It will be also in line with India’s ambition of being natural humanitarian disaster relief hub in the Indo-Pacific region.

Background

The three forces of India and US already take part in multiple bilateral exercises separately. Moreover, armies of both countries are also participating in annual drill called Yudh Abyaas, whose latest edition took place in September 2018, and Air Forces take part in bilateral drill called Cope India. Navies of both countries also participate in exercise called Malabar which also involves Japan. But this will be first time, three services of India and US will participate in drill together. Indian Army has Para SF, Navy has Marcos while Air Force has Garud as their respective special forces.

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Indian Navy inducts its first Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle

Indian Navy has inducted its first Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle (DSRV) which is deployed to rescue downed or disaster-struck submarines at high sea. It will be based in Mumbai, Maharashtra and enhance Navy’s operational capabilities. With this, India joined select list of international navies (United States, China, Russia, Japan, South Korea, Singapore UK, Sweden and Australia) with ability to search, locate and provide assistance to downed or disaster-struck or distressed submarines at high sea. The second DSRV is expected to be inducted at Visakhapatnam in 2019.

Key Facts

The DSRVs complete with associated kit in fly away configuration, can be crucial in quickly locating submarines through vast expanse of sea and can be mobilised by air and water for rapid rescue. Thus, it can be deployed at short notice for providing assistance to submarines in distress. Some DSRV vessels are air transportable in very large military cargo. DSRVs can also be deployed for various other missions including to lay cables on the sea bed.

Background

The induction of DSRV is part of Indian Navy’s efforts to enhance operational capabilities when China has been ramping up its maritime presence in critical sea lanes especially in Indian Ocean Region (IOR) which are of strategic importance to India. Earlier in 2017, Indian Navy also had operationalised new concept of deployment of warships in IOR to effectively counter China’s growing presence in the strategically key waters. The new mission-based deployment involves deploying mission-ready ships and aircraft along critical sea lanes of communications.

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