Defence Current Affairs

Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.

What is “The Resistance Front” in news frequently?

“The Resistance Front” is the new name of terror group in Kashmir. The group is made of existing terror groups such as Jais-e-Mohammad, Hizbul Mujahidin, LeT (Lashkar-e-Taiba) and Al-Badr.

The Resistance Front has claimed responsibility for the attack in Kupwara district along the Line of Control on April 5, 2020, where 5 army personnel were killed.

Highlights

According to the Indian Army, The Resistance Front (TRF) is like the old wine in new bottle! The new terror group is being supported by Pakistan. This is being done to get deniability of action under the Financial Action Task Force (FATF). Pakistan has been under constant pressure from the FATF to cut its financial support to the terrorist organizations.

How is TRF operating?

The TRF has an active online presence. It is now a rebranded terror group as a non-religious rebellion. It uses Haqqani and Jaish-e-Mohammad in Afghanistan to target Indian Embassy and other consulates.

The TRF has clear imprints of ISI (Islamic State of Iraq) in its operation.

Background

The TRF has come up in the Kashmir region after Indian Government had abrogated Article 370. It is to be noted that the TRF has owned responsibility for the first grenade attack on October, 2019 after scrapping Article 370. Recently, in March 2020, the Kashmir police arrested 6 terrorists who claimed themselves to be part of the TRF.

Operation “Samudra Setu” launched by Indian Navy

On May 5, 2020, the Indian Navy launched Operation “Samudra Setu” to bring back the Indians that are stranded in Maldives. They are stranded in the foreign land due to the grounding of airlines.

Samudra Sethu means Sea Bridge.

Highlights

The Indian ships Jalashwa and Magar are being sent to the port of Male, Maldives. The plan is to bring around 1000 persons during the first trip. The list of Indians to be evacuated from the Maldives is being prepared by the Indian Mission in the Republic of Maldives.

The INS Jalashwa is to reach Maldives on May 8, 2020. It is capable of displacing 17,521 tonnes. INS Magar will reach Maldives on May 10, 2020. It is an amphibious warfare vessel that is capable of displacing 5,750 tonnes.

What is the plan?

After evacuation, these people from Maldives are to be kept in quarantine at Kochi.

INS Jalashwa

INS Jalashwa was formerly known USS Trenton. The USS Trenton was bought from the Unites States in 2006. The ship was renamed as INS Jalashwa after the purchase. Jalashwa in Sanskrit means “Hippopotamus”. INS Jalashwa is an amphibious warfare ship.

What is an amphibious ship?

An amphibious warfare ship is an amphibious vehicle warship that is employed to land and support ground forces.

Significance of Amphibious Assault Ships

In 2018, the Government of India initiated Rs 20,000 crore project. Under the project, four amphibious ships are to be built in India. Each of these ships weigh 30,000 tonnes. After INS Vikrant, these four ships will be the largest to be built in the country.